Although veterinarians have guidelines for tracking vaccine-related sarcomas, you still may wonder if it's wiser to skip vaccine boosters and rely instead on titers
, which are blood tests that can tell you how much immunity to a specific disease remains in your cat.
This is when titers
can help, and the American Animal Hospital Association says titers
for three canine illnesses--distemper, parvo, and adenovirus--may be substituted for booster vaccinations.
of bacteriophages JHP, RLP, RSP, SaPL and IttPL before storage was 1.6x1013, 4.6x1011, 4.0x1017, 9.3x1015 and 2.0x108, respectively, for storage at 37 AdegC, 25 AdegC and 4 AdegC, while, the titer
for storage at -20 AdegC and -80 AdegC for bacteriophage JHP, RLP, RSP, SaPL and IttPL was 1.1x1013, 3.2x1011, 2.8x1017, 6.5x1015 and 1.4x 108, respectively.
In case of H9N2 virus vaccines, on day 21 post vaccination, the GM HI titers
of chicks in group A, B, C, D and E were recorded as 27.9, 68.6, 64.0, 24.3 and 2.5, respectively.
(4) Ideally it is recommended that the titers
be done in both the acute and the convalescent phase, 14 to 28 days later with a positive result defined as a two-fold or more rise in the titer
The antibody titers
against ND of the birds from various groups were determined by HI.
Serum antibody titers
were measured by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) by using chicken erythrocytes, following standard procedures (7).
Crouch of the State University of New York at Stony Brook and her colleagues recommend that antibody titers
should be tested before revaccinating adopted children who have documentation of vaccines that were given in their countries of origin.
We evaluated antibody titers
in 211 adult houbara bustards for 10 months.
The investigators suggested that the lower percentage of positive hepatitis B titers
in children from Korea may be due to the manufacturing, storage, of administration of vaccine, but it is also plausible that Korean children have poorer responses to the vaccine.
B henselae titers
were obtained, and the patient was discharged home after a 23-hour stay.
On day 0, a fasted venous blood sample was collected for a) plasma micronutrient status (zinc, vitamin C, vitamin A, and related retinoids); b) prevaccination antibody titers
; and c) serum AF-alb analysis.