tolbutamide


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Related to tolbutamide: acarbose, metformin

tol·bu·ta·mide

 (tŏl-byo͞o′tə-mīd′)
n.
A sulfonylurea drug, C12H18N2O3S, used to treat type 2 diabetes.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tolbutamide

(tɒlˈbjuːtəˌmaɪd)
n
(Pharmacology) a synthetic crystalline compound administered orally in the treatment of diabetes to lower blood glucose concentrations. Formula: C12H18N2O3S
[C20: from tol(uyl) + but(yric acid) + amide]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tolbutamide - sulfonylurea; an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Orinase) used in the treatment of adult-onset diabetes mellitus
sulfonylurea - antidiabetic consisting of any of several drugs that reduce the level of glucose in the blood; used to treat diabetes mellitus
hypoglycaemic agent, hypoglycemic agent - any of various agents that decrease the level of glucose in the blood and are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
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References in periodicals archive ?
[27.] Seki Y, Kan S, Akiba Y Changes in muscle mrnas for hexokinase, phosphofructokinase-1 and glycogen synthase in acute and persistent hypoglycemia induced by tolbutamide in chickens.
In addition, a flexible-dose clinical study carried out at three different diabetic centers on 172 subjects found 86% of subjects given Pterocarpus extract (2-4 grams/day) showed glycemic control and was comparable to the activity of Tolbutamide (0.75-1.5 grams/day) (Diabetoiogia Croatia, 2005).
This was done in comparison with the standard oral antidiabetic drug, tolbutamide. Three groups of normal albino rats were chosen with 6 rats in each group.
Studies of tolbutamide, another sulfonylurea, show that it can increase blood insulin concentrations in normal chickens and decrease blood glucose concentrations even in pancreatectomized chickens.
Many drugs, including the anti-diabetic drugs, glyburide and tolbutamide, are also known obesogens.
Calendula syrup 10% Anti-inflammatory, Ibuprofen, naproxen, antiviral, blood piroxicam, venaton tonic, antipsasmodic drops, pahomin drops Santa Cana syrup 10% Antipyretic, Dipyrone, diuretic, paracetamol, pahomin antioxidant, drops antispasmodic Guava tincture 20% Antidiarrhoeal, Rehydrating salts, antispasmodico, pahomin drops, sedative, haemolytic chlordiazepoxide Guava powder, Antibacterial, Triamcinolone, chamomile flowers fungicidal ketoconazole, tolnaftate, micocilen ointment Chamomile cream Antibacterial, anti- Triamcinolone, inflammatory, ketoconazole, antiseptic, tolnaftate, antioxidant micocilen ointment, clobestasol cream Chilean Little Hypoglycaemic Glibenclamide, Rosemary liquid tolbutamide, extract glibepiridine.
Substances with Potential to Interfere with Blood Glucose Results Acetaminophen (Tylenol[R]) Ascorbic acid Conjugated bilirubin Unconjugated bilirubin Cholesterol Creatinine 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (dopamine) Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) (Versene[R]) Galactose Gentisic acid (gentisate) Reduced glutathione Hemoglobin Heparin* Ibuprofen (Motrin[R]) Icodextrin (Extraneal[R]) L-dopa (levodopa) Maltose Methyldopa (Aldomet[R]) Salicylic acid Sodium Tolbutamide (Orinase[R]) Source: FDA, 2016 * Inclusion of EDTA and heparin in this table refers to their use as therapeutic substances and not as anticoagulants for sample preparation.
The drugs were categorized into 5 distinct groups: metformin, glyburide, thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone, rosiglitazone), insulin and other oral hypoglycemic agents (chlorpropamide, gliclazide, tolbutamide, glimepiride, sitagliptin, saxagliptin, nateglinide, repaglinide).
For determining the safety of clinical combination use, the influences of oldenlandia diffusa on the activities of five CYP450 subtypes in rats is evaluated according to the pharmacokinetic parameters changes using five specific probe drugs (phenacetin for CYP1A2, omeprazole for CYP2C19, tolbutamide for CYP2C9, metoprolol for CYP2D6, and midazolam for CYP3A4); compare oldenlandia diffusa-treated groups with control group.
Remko [16] used the methods of theoretical chemistry to elucidate the molecular properties of the hypoglycemic sulfonylureas and glinides (acetohexamide, tolazamide, tolbutamide, chlorpropamide, gliclazide, glimepiride, glipizide, glibenclamide, nateglinide, and repaglinide) which are known as antidiabetic molecules.
Raye, "Response of the fetal and newborn lamb to glucose and tolbutamide infusions," Pediatric Research, vol.