Proehl considers a novel that predates the texts usually identified as standing at the beginning of the YA genre in her essay "Tomboyism
and Familial Belonging in Carson McCullers's The Member of the Wedding." Using the lens of queer-theoretical scholarship to consider this 1946 Southern Gothic text, Proehl demonstrates that McCullers critiques heteronormative institutions and rituals through her explorations of the intersections of race, girlhood, and the sentimental idea of the family.
Because of her wholesome girl-next-door image, Day, in contrast, was able to redefine herself as a glamorous love interest in romantic comedies starting with Pillow Talk (1959), although Corber suggests that her "tomboyism
limited her transformation into a sex symbol" (158).
There has been less of a focus on young girls' transgressions from normative gender discourses in early childhood than on adolescent girls, with discussions often centering on tomboyism
(Blaise, 2005; Carr, 1998; Halberstam, 1998; Paechter & Clark, 2007; Reay, 2001; Renold, 2005, 2006; Robinson & Davies, 2007).
Other aspects of the participants' family situation, such as parents' employment and marital status, as well as birth order and the presence of a male sibling, were found to be unrelated to tomboyism
Comparable notions have been studied to some extent, however, in tomboyism
and ladette behavior, metropolitan lesbian bois, Indonesian tomboys (transsexuals), the Shakespearean and Kabuki boy actress, selected historical boy-men, among other itches to conventional developmental-gendered schemas (Janssen, 2007a).
(19.) In Female Masculinity (Durham: Duke UP, 1998), a study of the separate but related figure of the tomboy, Judith Halberstam writes that tomboyish behavior (such as William's) is often tolerated up to a point because "tomboyism
tends to be associated with a 'natural' desire for the greater freedoms and mobilities enjoyed by boys.
There is, however, more to her migration, for Adele's move from Russia to Israel also coincided with, or, more likely, facilitated her coming out as a lesbian and a radical shift away from a stereotypical Russian hyper-femininity to gender-bending tomboyism
I got lectures on tomboyism
from my sister and my mother.
In her study of tomboyism
in American culture, psychologist Janet Hyde explains that "tomboyism
...is considered a stage to be outgrown because girls must learn to replace active 'masculine' behaviors with passive 'feminine' behaviors" (74).
Is the notion of tomboyism
an outmoded concept, and the tomboy narrative a genre locked into an earlier world of more restrictive social patterns?
22 For discussion of nineteenth-century attitudes toward tomboyism
see Sharon O'Brien, "Tomboyism
and Adolescent Conflict: Three Nineteenth-Century Case Studies," in Woman's Being; Woman's Place: Female, Identity and Vocation in American History, ed.
Buy American Made Dolls." During the 1920s, they marshaled advertising to combat tomboyism
and direct parents and their daughters back to dolls.