Although average sailing distances increased as US volumes continued to find markets in South Korea and Japan, ton-mile
growth remained subdued.
Shipping demand is not measured in volume, but in volume multiplied by distance, or ton-miles
. The higher the VLGCs rates, the more miles for pressurized vessels, thus the more ton-mile
demand, which should increase rates for the smaller ships as well.
These authors found that, due to the fuel efficiencies of rail as compared to trucks, greenhouse-gas emissions associated with freight trains were 0.44 pound lower per ton-mile
than emissions associated with trucks (0.11 pound compared to 0.55 pound per ton-mile
Reportedly, a significant increase in trade volumes could be seen following on the lifting of US sanctions in January 2016, with a seasonal pattern in ton-mile
exports post January 2016, with total volumes rising in the autumn months in preparation for higher winter demand.
In fact, North Dakota rail revenue per ton-mile
actually decreased during the 1988-2007 period.
At 250 feet, 2 inches (76.3 m) long -- 18 feet, 4 inches (5.6 m) longer than the 747-400 Freighter -- the 747-8 Freighter gives customers 16 percent more revenue cargo volume compared to its predecessor with nearly equivalent trip costs and lower ton-mile
In the U.S., about 70% of crude oil and petroleum products are shipped by pipeline on a ton-mile
Air Cargo, Inc., made what it thought was a reasonable, though somewhat radical, movement forward toward this particular onward course in early June, when (in connection with another matter) we proposed that pickup and delivery could well be priced at a straight rate per ton-mile
, which, in turn, would lend to the ready inclusion of cartage with line-haul air charges for the establishment of door-to-door rates between any and all points.
freight rates, adjusted for inflation, dropped 51 percent from 1981 to 2010 (based on revenue per ton-mile
According to a University of Arkansas study, typical cost per ton-mile
for a barge is about 1 cent, compared with 2.5 cents for rail and 5.3 cents for trucking.
Due to the downtime in Japanese production, coupled with a limited ton-mile
effect from higher production at South Korean Hyundai Motor Company (SEO: 005380), DnB NOR trimmed to 25% from 30% its expectations for Wilh Wilhelmsen's growth in the first quarter.