Describing the tonal system
of Early Modem Chinese, Dong says that "only the pfng tone split in the Zhongyuan yinyun, and consequently led to the two ping tones in Modern Standard Chinese, in many southern dialects each of the ping, shang, qu, and ru tones split into two categories" (p.
Lundberg does an admirable job of identifying and analyzing a large body of works over a wide chronological period: consider the challenge, for example, of analyzing the same melody set polyphonically within the modal system of the fifteenth century, the emerging major/mint tonal system
of the seventeenth century, and the same tonal system
as established iii the eighteenth century (Lundberg helpfully references several tonus peregrinus settings in the nineteenth arid twentieth centuries, but does not analyze them).
It is extremely rich phonetically, and employs a very subtle and complicated tonal system
The current paper focuses on Livonian quantity and tonal system
Gieskes notes that Robbe-Grillet bases his films of the 1960s on the variable rules of games, in order to expose and replace conventional orders, talks about the orders underlying his novels and films in terms of information theory, drawing analogies between musical structure and the repetition and variation of his own novels and films, (1) and compares the traditional narrative system in literature to the tonal system
: the Nouveau Roman successfully defies the literary equivalent of the tonal system
Though the notes of the appoggiatura do not belong, properly, to the tonal system
established by the chord, "they are indispensable to the expressive and contrapuntal life of music; let us preserve them by enlarging them.
He was indeed steeped in tradition, more so as he aged, and he had no intention of overthrowing the past-though he did intend to overthrow the tonal system
, and in private said so.
In this period "transposition" indicated the movement of a whole tonal system
up a fourth, through the introduction of a flat (e.
The alternative method, of creating three intersecting tonalities, may also be valid from the point of view that any three-dimensional tonal system
may have tonal functions in different planes, rather than retaining the linear basis that helical tonalities imply.
No longer based on the tradition of major and minor scales, what we call the tonal system
, but on a new, seemingly mathematical and artificial means of organization--twelve-note serialism--this music is not readily singable or easily memorable upon waking; at best it is appreciated, at worst it is alienating, rarely is it actually `loved'.
AB: In music there is a sequence that starts with Arnold Schonberg and renders the truth of the tonal system
retroactively by proposing an essentially different figure of musical composition.