Out of the opposing tonal and atonal pitches emerges a tone cluster
that serves as pitch reference to the performers.
38) CLUSTERS By far the most common symbol in Many contemporary pieces include non-traditional notation and clusters, which are formed by techniques is the tone cluster
playing adjacent keys--from a few ...
Gay modernist composers include Pierre Boulez, the most "killer" serialist of all; the indeterminist John Cage; Henry Cowell, promulgator of the tone cluster
; Hans Werner Henze, the superb eclectic; and many others.
One, a derivative of the "tone cluster
," is somewhere between sound and noise and consists of several voices stratified and interwoven in semitones, which thereby give up their individuality and become completely dissolved into the resultant overriding complex.
* Shout all together, play a quiet long note, stop, play a loud short note, 1/8 notes on a Bb major triad slowly getting louder then end with a long tone cluster
. Reflect, decide what you want to do differently/better, then try again (even if it is completely different).
Chipsy has been referred to as a "preternaturally talented keyboard player", with a unique style consisting of blasts of tone clusters
deployed by alternately punching, slapping and karate-chopping his keyboard.
Finally, linking the warm-ups directly to the repertoire by "tuning up" in the key to be sung, (or singing tone clusters
if one is singing contemporary music, for example) is a helpful way to sequence the rehearsal so that the warm-ups lead seamlessly to the repertoire for rehearsal.
Essentially atonal, it makes use of spoken text (drawn from Nietzsche and Heiner Miiller) and chorus on prerecorded tape, dense tone clusters
, an orchestra of winds, percussion and harp, with extra percussion instruments played on stage by the cast, and expressive vocal lines which rarely ask the 26 solo singers to do anything other than sing beautifully.
The song ends with a short piano postlude that briefly illustrates (with tone clusters
), the "inky black and awkward marks" that humans want to make on blank white paper, which then leads to a final soft and whimsical rolled chord.
The tone clusters
which built up here were, again, spine-tingling and quite beautiful.
The piano part in the first movement contains passages of tone clusters
(all notated in accidentals) in eighth notes, as well as chromatic sixteenth-note passages in extremely demanding patterns.
Here the connection between the music and the drawings crystallized; weblike parabolic mutations mirrored the swoops and soars of massed tone clusters
, stacks of vertical lines paralleled jagged bursts of seeming white noise, and a series of a mountainous peaks was transmitted as a low drone with sirenlike glissandi arcing overhead.