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Any of the phonemes of a tone language by which tone conveys differences in lexical meaning.


(Linguistics) linguistics a phoneme that is distinguished from another phoneme only by its tone
[C20: from tone + -eme]
toˈnemic adj


(ˈtoʊ nim)

a phoneme in a tone language in which the contrastive feature is tone.
to•ne′mic, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The opposition of the so-called "broken syllable intonation" and "falling syllable intonation" in deep Latgallian subdialects is phonologically realized by a specific prosodic feature--sharp (usually with glottalization) or level changes of the intensity and the fundamental pitch, while this contrast is even intensified by quantitative differences as the level toneme is longer than the sharp one.
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: emmer; emmet; emote; emoter; meet; meme; memento; memo; meno; mento; mentor; mere; mete; meteor; meter; metre; metro; METRONOME; moment; mono; monomer; MONOTREME; monte; moon; moor; moot; more; moreen; morn; moron; mort; mote; motor; neem; nome; norm; omen; remote; room; teem; term; tome; toneme.
The highest frequencies of use are: (1) inconclusiveness modality with high tones [H.sup.*] on the pretoneme or nucleus toneme, with the expressive-pragmatic function of reference to known information, and with high [H.sup.*]H% tonemes with the expressive-pragmatic function of reference plus suspense.
(1) *-0 [??] (A): The (A) toneme is a trace of the morphophonological affix null.
Navarro Tomas claims that contrastive or phonological intonational meaning is confined to the final tonal movements of an utterance (toneme).
Despite a century of research, the basic concept of the tonemes as 'atomic units' has not changed.
Ganza has two phonemic tones or tonemes, high (H) and low (L), both of which can occur as either associated or unassociated (floating) tones in the underlying form.
The analysis of these properties from the standpoint of Glossematics (HJELMSLEV, I975) and of Tensive Semiotics (Z1LBERBERG, 2006) led us to the following results: (i) because music and phonological systems comprise common categories, it is possible to establish a genetic kinship between verbal and musical expressions; (ii) the characteristic meaning effect of tonal melodies is a result of a hierarchically structured syntagmatic configuration of suprasegments (chronemes, tonemes, dynamemes); (iii) other categories of the melodic system such as tempo, dynamics, and timbre play a distinct role in the melodic hierarchy and, as our investigation shows, they are responsible, for the marks left in the text by the performer instance of the enunciation subject.
However, the tonemes are not shown in my transcriptions.
Two basic tonemes are distinguished, namely, a high tone (') and a low tone ('), although more detailed distinctions can be drawn.
But how either or both of these differ from his "tonemes," which suddenly put in an appearance on p.