The opposition of the so-called "broken syllable intonation" and "falling syllable intonation" in deep Latgallian subdialects is phonologically realized by a specific prosodic feature--sharp (usually with glottalization) or level changes of the intensity and the fundamental pitch, while this contrast is even intensified by quantitative differences as the level toneme
is longer than the sharp one.
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: emmer; emmet; emote; emoter; meet; meme; memento; memo; meno; mento; mentor; mere; mete; meteor; meter; metre; metro; METRONOME; moment; mono; monomer; MONOTREME; monte; moon; moor; moot; more; moreen; morn; moron; mort; mote; motor; neem; nome; norm; omen; remote; room; teem; term; tome; toneme
The highest frequencies of use are: (1) inconclusiveness modality with high tones [H.sup.*] on the pretoneme or nucleus toneme
, with the expressive-pragmatic function of reference to known information, and with high [H.sup.*]H% tonemes
with the expressive-pragmatic function of reference plus suspense.
(1) *-0 [??] (A): The (A) toneme
is a trace of the morphophonological affix null.
Navarro Tomas claims that contrastive or phonological intonational meaning is confined to the final tonal movements of an utterance (toneme
Despite a century of research, the basic concept of the tonemes
as 'atomic units' has not changed.
Ganza has two phonemic tones or tonemes
, high (H) and low (L), both of which can occur as either associated or unassociated (floating) tones in the underlying form.
Relevant examples of suprasegmentals in the Scandinavian languages include tonemes
, stod, and word/sentence stress.
The analysis of these properties from the standpoint of Glossematics (HJELMSLEV, I975) and of Tensive Semiotics (Z1LBERBERG, 2006) led us to the following results: (i) because music and phonological systems comprise common categories, it is possible to establish a genetic kinship between verbal and musical expressions; (ii) the characteristic meaning effect of tonal melodies is a result of a hierarchically structured syntagmatic configuration of suprasegments (chronemes, tonemes
, dynamemes); (iii) other categories of the melodic system such as tempo, dynamics, and timbre play a distinct role in the melodic hierarchy and, as our investigation shows, they are responsible, for the marks left in the text by the performer instance of the enunciation subject.
However, the tonemes
are not shown in my transcriptions.
Two basic tonemes
are distinguished, namely, a high tone (') and a low tone ('), although more detailed distinctions can be drawn.
But how either or both of these differ from his "tonemes
," which suddenly put in an appearance on p.