tonic

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ton·ic

 (tŏn′ĭk)
n.
1.
a. An agent, such as a medication, that is supposed to restore or improve health or well-being.
b. A liquid preparation for the scalp or hair.
2. An invigorating, refreshing, or restorative agent or influence: Laughter was a tonic for the dispirited team.
4. Boston See soft drink.
5. Music The first note of a diatonic scale; the keynote.
6. Linguistics A tonic accent.
adj.
1. Restorative or stimulating to health or well-being.
2.
a. Physiology Of, relating to, or producing tone or tonicity in muscles or tissue: a tonic reflex.
b. Medicine Characterized by continuous tension or contraction of muscles: a tonic convulsion or spasm.
3. Music Of or based on the keynote.
4. Stressed, as a syllable; accented.

[New Latin tonicus, of tension or tone, from Greek tonikos, capable of extension, from tonos, a stretching, tone; see tone.]

ton′i·cal·ly adv.
Our Living Language Generic terms for carbonated soft drinks vary widely in the United States. Probably the two most common words competing for precedence are soda, used in the northeast United States as well as St. Louis and vicinity, and pop, used from the Midwest westward. In the South any soft drink, regardless of flavor or brand name, is referred to as a Coke, cold drink, or just plain drink. Speakers in Boston and its environs have a term of their own: tonic. See Note at dope
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tonic

(ˈtɒnɪk)
n
1. (Pharmacology) a medicinal preparation intended to improve and strengthen the functioning of the body or increase the feeling of wellbeing
2. anything that enlivens or strengthens: his speech was a tonic to the audience.
3. Also called: tonic water a mineral water, usually carbonated and containing quinine and often mixed with gin or other alcoholic drinks
4. (Classical Music) music
a. the first degree of a major or minor scale and the tonal centre of a piece composed in a particular key
b. a key or chord based on this
5. (Linguistics) a stressed syllable in a word
adj
6. serving to enliven and invigorate: a tonic wine.
7. of or relating to a tone or tones
8. (Classical Music) music of or relating to the first degree of a major or minor scale
9. (Art Terms) of or denoting the general effect of colour and light and shade in a picture
10. (Physiology) physiol of, relating to, characterized by, or affecting normal muscular or bodily tone: a tonic spasm.
11. (Linguistics) of or relating to stress or the main stress in a word
12. (Linguistics) denoting a tone language
[C17: from New Latin tonicus, from Greek tonikos concerning tone, from tonos tone]
ˈtonically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ton•ic

(ˈtɒn ɪk)

n.
1. a medicine that invigorates or strengthens.
2. anything invigorating physically, mentally, or morally.
4. the first degree of a musical scale; keynote.
5. Chiefly Eastern New Eng. soda pop.
6. a tonic syllable or accent.
adj.
7. pertaining to, maintaining, increasing, or restoring the tone or health of the body or an organ, as a medicine.
8. invigorating physically, mentally, or morally.
9.
a. pertaining to tension, as of the muscles.
b. marked by continued muscular tension: a tonic spasm.
10. of or pertaining to tone or accent in speech.
11. pertaining to or being a tone language.
12. (of a syllable) bearing the principal stress or accent, usu. accompanied by a change in pitch.
13. pertaining to or based on the first tone of a musical scale: a tonic chord.
[1640–50; < Greek tonikós pertaining to stretching or tones. See tone, -ic]
ton′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tonic - lime- or lemon-flavored carbonated water containing quininetonic - lime- or lemon-flavored carbonated water containing quinine
quinine - a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
gin and tonic - gin and quinine water
soft drink - nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
2.tonic - a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoringtonic - a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring; "in New England they call sodas tonics"
soft drink - nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
carbonated water, club soda, soda water, sparkling water, seltzer - effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
3.tonic - (music) the first note of a diatonic scaletonic - (music) the first note of a diatonic scale
musical note, note, tone - a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound; "the singer held the note too long"
C - (music) the keynote of the scale of C major
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
4.tonic - a medicine that strengthens and invigoratestonic - a medicine that strengthens and invigorates
bracer, pick-me-up - a tonic or restorative (especially a drink of liquor)
medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
Adj.1.tonic - of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissuetonic - of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue; "a tonic reflex"; "tonic muscle contraction"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
2.tonic - employing variations in pitch to distinguish meanings of otherwise similar wordstonic - employing variations in pitch to distinguish meanings of otherwise similar words; "Chinese is a tonal language"
3.tonic - used of syllablestonic - used of syllables; "a tonic syllables carries the main stress in a word"
unaccented, atonic - used of syllables; "an atonic syllable carries no stress"
4.tonic - relating to or being the keynote of a major or minor scaletonic - relating to or being the keynote of a major or minor scale; "tonic harmony"
tonal - having tonality; i.e. tones and chords organized in relation to one tone such as a keynote or tonic
5.tonic - imparting vitality and energytonic - imparting vitality and energy; "the bracing mountain air"
invigorating - imparting strength and vitality; "the invigorating mountain air"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

tonic

noun stimulant, boost, bracer (informal), refresher, cordial, pick-me-up (informal), fillip, shot in the arm (informal), restorative, livener, analeptic, roborant We are spending twice as much on health tonics as five years ago.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

tonic

noun
A medicine that restores or increases vigor:
Informal: bracer, pick-me-up.
adjective
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
مُقَوٍّ، مُنَشِّطمِيَاهٌ غَازِيَّةمياه غازِيَّه مَعْدَنِيَّه
toniktonikum
tonictonikum
vahvistava lääke
tonik
erõsítõszertonik
styrkjandi lyftóník
強壮剤
강장제
tonikstonizējošs dzērienstonizējošs līdzeklis
toniktonikum
stärkande medel
น้ำโทนิค
tonikkuvvet ilâcı
thuốc bổ

tonic

[ˈtɒnɪk]
A. N
1. (Med) (also fig) → tónico m
this news will be a tonic for the marketesta noticia será un tónico para la bolsa
2. (also tonic water) → agua f tónica, tónica f
3. (Mus) → tónica f
B. ADJ (all senses) → tónico
C. CPD tonic accent N (Mus) → acento m tónico
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

tonic

[ˈtɒnɪk]
n
(= medicine) → tonique m
(= cheering experience) → stimulant m
(in music)tonique f
(also tonic water) → tonic m
a gin and tonic → un gin tonic
adj [effect] → tonique
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

tonic

n
(Med) → Tonikum nt; (= hair tonic)Haarwasser nt; (= skin tonic)Lotion f; it was a real tonic to see him again (fig)es hat richtig gutgetan, ihn wiederzusehen
tonic (water)Tonic(water) nt; gin and tonicGin m(mit) Tonic
(Mus) → Tonika f, → Grundton m; tonic sol-faSolmisation f
adj
(Med) → stärkend, kräftigend, tonisch (spec); tonic wineStärkungswein m
(Phon) syllable, stresstontragend
(Mus) notetonisch
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

tonic

[ˈtɒnɪk]
1. n
a. (Med) → ricostituente m (also skin tonic) → tonico
fresh air is the best tonic when you have a headache → l'aria fresca è il miglior rimedio per il mal di testa
this will be a tonic to her → questo la tirerà su
b. (also tonic water) → acqua tonica
c. (Mus) → nota tonica
2. adj (all senses) → tonico/a
tonic solfa (Mus) → solfeggio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

tonic

(ˈtonik) noun
1. (a) medicine that gives strength or energy. The doctor prescribed a (bottle of) tonic.
2. (also ˈtonic-water) water containing quinine, often drunk with gin etc. I'd like a gin and tonic.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

tonic

مِيَاهٌ غَازِيَّة tonik tonic Tonikum τονωτικό tónica, tónico vahvistava lääke tonique tonik tonico 強壮剤 강장제 tonic styrkemiddel tonik tónico, tônico тоник stärkande medel น้ำโทนิค tonik thuốc bổ 奎宁水
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

ton·ic

n. tónico, reconstituyente que restaura la vitalidad del organismo;
a. tónico-a.
1. que restaura el tono normal;
2. caracterizado-a por una tensión continua.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Collins Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

tonic

n tónico, reconstituyente m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the absence of a swallow, the smooth muscles of the LOS are tonically contracted.
When striatal projections are activated by the cortex, due to their neurochemical properties they tend to suppress the tonically active pallidal output that projects to thalamus (30).
This region is tonically contracted at rest and maintains its tone intrinsically by the integrity of the muscle itself and extrinsically by cholinergic innervation.
(5) For example, dopamine tonically inhibits prolactin release and synthesis, whereas estrogen stimulates prolactin secretion.
The pen-biters performed significantly worse at recognizing happiness than gumchewers or control participants, presumably because the zygomaticus major muscles were tonically engaged.
Pasternak, "Potentiation of opioid analgesia in dopamine2 receptor knock-out mice: evidence for a tonically active anti-opioid system," Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
Cognitive control systems might respond in a phasic, transient, and task-dependent manner to the increased "effort" when damaged downstream domain-specific sensory networks convey signals, but they are likely responsible at the same time for having tonically downregulated processing of signals emerging from the impaired networks before the treatment [53].
Two active electrodes were placed on the middle third of the tonically contracted sternocleidomastoid muscle on each side and two reference electrodes were placed on the middle third of both the clavicles.
In this context, selective inhibitors of 5-HT uptake or agonists of 5-HT1A receptors (at high doses) functionally inhibit nigral dopaminergic neurons (82,83), whereas anatomical and chemical injuries that destroy the raphe projections to the SNpc (82) or antagonists of 5-HT2 receptors (which tonically inhibit the mesencephalic dopaminergic system) (84) cause biochemical and functional disinhibition of the dopaminergic system.
By the help of the excitation from the STN, already tonically active GPi inhibits thalamus stronger.
Although the exact mechanism for this phenomenon is not well defined, the lack of tonically inhibitory effect of glucocorticoids on AVP which responds to glucocorticoid administration may be contributing to this [22, 25].
The therapeutic effects of BTX-A seemed to be due not only to partial denervation of extrafusal muscles but also to fusimotor denervation of intrafusal fibers that tonically control the sensitivity of spindle sensory afferents [19-21].