tonsil


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

ton·sil

 (tŏn′səl)
n.
A small oral mass of lymphoid tissue, especially either of two such masses embedded in the lateral walls of the opening between the mouth and the pharynx, of uncertain function, but believed to help protect the body from respiratory infections.

[From Latin tōnsillae, tonsils, diminutive of tōlēs, swollen tonsils.]

ton′sil·lar adj.

tonsil

(ˈtɒnsəl)
n
1. (Anatomy) Also called: palatine tonsil either of two small masses of lymphatic tissue situated one on each side of the back of the mouth.
2. (Anatomy) anatomy any small rounded mass of tissue, esp lymphatic tissue
[C17: from Latin tōnsillae (pl) tonsils, of uncertain origin]
ˈtonsillar, ˈtonsillary adj

ton•sil

(ˈtɒn səl)

n.
a prominent oval mass of lymphoid tissue on each side of the throat.
[1595–1605; < Latin tōnsillae (pl.)]
ton′sil•lar, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tonsil - either of two masses of lymphatic tissue one on each side of the oral pharynxtonsil - either of two masses of lymphatic tissue one on each side of the oral pharynx
lymphatic tissue, lymphoid tissue - tissue making up the lymphatic system
nasopharynx - cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx

tonsil

noun
Related words
adjectives tonsillar, tonsillary, amygdaline
Translations
لَوْزَه، لَوْزَةُ الحَلْق
mandlekrční mandle
mandel
nielurisarisa
mandula
hálskirtill
anginatonzilė
mandele

tonsil

[ˈtɒnsl] Namígdala f, angina f (Mex)
to have one's tonsils outquitarse las amígdalas

tonsil

nMandel f; to have one’s tonsils outsich (dat)die Mandeln herausnehmen lassen; tonsil action or hockey (inf)Knutscherei f, → Herumknutschen nt

tonsil

[ˈtɒnsl] ntonsilla
to have one's tonsils out → farsi operare di tonsille

tonsil

(ˈtonsil) noun
either of two lumps of tissue at the back of the throat. He had to have his tonsils (taken) out.
ˌtonsilˈlitis (tonsiˈlaitis) noun
painful inflammation of the tonsils. She had / was suffering from tonsillitis.

ton·sil

n. amígdala, tonsila;
cerebellar ______ cerebelosa;
lingual ______ lingual;
palatine ______ palatina;
pharyngeal ______ faríngea.

tonsil

n amígdala, angina (fam)
References in classic literature ?
He wrung out his wet clothes, slipped on his patent-leather shoes, opened the blue- and-white umbrella, and with mincing gait and a heart beating against his tonsils appeared as 'agent for His Royal Highness, the Rajah of Rampur, gentlemen.
In this report we present the case of a 72-year-old HIV (-) woman who presented with a fast-growing swelling on the right tonsil and was diagnosed with KS following diagnostic tonsillectomy.
Moreover, Dr Fasunla said the possibility of a tonsil removal in children having a long-term health risk is understandable considering the importance of the tonsils and adenoids in the body's immune responses and development.
They appear as multiple opening on the medial surface of tonsil. One of the crypts is larger and it is called as crypta magna.
'But our observed results that show increased risks for long-term diseases after surgery support delaying tonsil and adenoid removal if possible, which could aid normal immune system development in childhood and reduce these possible later-life disease risks,' Byars said.
They used tonsil samples collected from about 100 people who had elective surgery to remove them and searched for HPV, according to the study.
Associate professor of Otolaryngology and Neurosurgery at URMC, Matthew Miller, M.D., found HPV encased in biofilm inside pockets on the tonsil surface, called tonsil crypts, which is where the HPV-related head and neck cancers often originate.
During adenotonsillectomy under general anesthesia, three samples were collected from every patient: (a) nasopharyngeal wash (NPW): saline flushed into both nasal cavities and collected at the nasopharynx using a sterile syringe; (b) fragment of adenoid tissue (AD), collected with a conventional Beckman curette for adenoidectomy; and (c) fragment of palatine tonsil (PT) collected with a cold-knife scalpel.
A few months later, based on initial DISE findings of a retroflexed epiglottis with lingual tonsil hypertrophy, he underwent an epiglottopexy with lingual tonsillectomy.
(4) Considering the rarity of the lesion, especially in children, we report a case of hamartoma of the palatine tonsil in a six-month-old infant.