topography

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to·pog·ra·phy

 (tə-pŏg′rə-fē)
n. pl. to·pog·ra·phies
1. Detailed, precise description of a place or region.
2. Graphic representation of the surface features of a place or region on a map, indicating their relative positions and elevations.
3. A description or an analysis of a structured entity, showing the relations among its components: In the topography of the economy, several depressed areas are revealed.
4.
a. The surface features of a place or region.
b. The surface features of an object: The topography of a crystal.
5. The surveying of the features of a place or region.
6. The study or description of an anatomical region or part.

top′o·graph′ (tŏp′ə-grăf′) n.
top′o·graph′ic (-grăf′ĭk), top′o·graph′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
top′o·graph′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

topography

(təˈpɒɡrəfɪ)
n, pl -phies
1. (Physical Geography) the study or detailed description of the surface features of a region
2. (Physical Geography) the detailed mapping of the configuration of a region
3. (Physical Geography) the land forms or surface configuration of a region
4. (Surveying) the surveying of a region's surface features
5. the study or description of the configuration of any object
toˈpographer n
topographic, ˌtopoˈgraphical adj
ˌtopoˈgraphically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

to•pog•ra•phy

(təˈpɒg rə fi)

n., pl. -phies.
1. the detailed mapping or charting of the features of a relatively small area or district.
2. the detailed description, esp. by means of surveying, of particular localities, as cities, towns, or estates.
3. the relief features or surface configuration of an area.
4. the features, relations, or configuration of a structural entity, as the mind.
5. a schema of a structural entity reflecting a division into distinct areas having a specific relation to one another.
[1400–50; late Middle English topographye < Late Latin topographia < Greek topographía]
top•o•graph•ic (ˌtɒp əˈgræf ɪk) top`o•graph′i•cal, adj.
top`o•graph′i•cal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

to·pog·ra·phy

(tə-pŏg′rə-fē)
1. The shape, height, and depth of the land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water. Man-made features such as roads, railroads, and landfills are also often considered part of a region's topography: the mountainous topography of Switzerland.
2. The detailed description or drawing of the physical features of a place or region, especially in the form of contour maps. See more at gradient.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

topography

The configuration of the ground to include its relief and all features. Topography addresses both dry land and the sea floor (underwater topography).
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense 2005.

topography

1. the detailed mapping or description of the features of a relatively small area, district, or locality.
2. the relief features or surface configuration of an area. — topographer, n. — topographic, adj.
See also: Maps
1. the art or technique of preparing charts or maps of a specified area.
2. the physical features of an area. — topographic, topographical, adj.
See also: Geography
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

topography

1. The study of the surface features of a region or the mapping of these.
2. The surface features of a particular place, or a description of these.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.topography - the configuration of a surface and the relations among its man-made and natural featurestopography - the configuration of a surface and the relations among its man-made and natural features
shape, configuration, conformation, contour, form - any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline); "he could barely make out their shapes"
2.topography - precise detailed study of the surface features of a regiontopography - precise detailed study of the surface features of a region
geographics, geography - study of the earth's surface; includes people's responses to topography and climate and soil and vegetation
topology - topographic study of a given place (especially the history of the place as indicated by its topography); "Greenland's topology has been shaped by the glaciers of the ice age"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

topography

noun
The character, natural features, and configuration of land:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations

topography

[təˈpɒgrəfɪ] Ntopografía f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

topography

[təˈpɒgrəfi] ntopographie f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

topography

nTopografie f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

topography

[təˈpɒgrəfɪ] ntopografia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
what do you mean by that?" said the topographer, blushing to the top of his ears.
my friend, you are not only a herculean topographer, you are, still further, a dialectician of the first water."
Both practitioners see the technology being built into devices such as OCT and topographers. "Within these devices will be algorithms that can detect the eye conditions," Ms Slade said.
Ancient books and documents all show that the Persian Gulf or (Sinous Persicous) has always been an inalienable part of Persia (modern day Iran) and display how many world topographers and geographers have underlined the Iranian identity of the waterway.
Over the years many devices have been developed to access corneal shape and curvature, starting from the manual keratometers, to automated ones and infrared based and 3D topographers which can access both anterior and posterior corneal surfaces, create corneal thickness maps and AC depth analysis as well as IOL power calculation.
Berri previously suggested experts and topographers, including Americans, would be welcomed in this committee.
Additionally, manual keratometers and topographers (when analyzing the simulated keratometry value SimK of the latter), measure the radius of curvature based on the reflection of some mires in the cornea in an area of 3.00 mm of diameter on average, but do not directly take into account the pupil's smaller central area, were visual axis is located (which is less than approximately, 2.00 mm of diameter).
Browse Ophthalmology Diagnostics and Surgical Devices Market by Diagnostic Devices (Autorefractometers, Corneal Topographers, Fluorescein Angiography, Fundus Cameras, Gonioscopy, Keratometry, Ophthalmic Echography (Ultrasound), Ophthalmoscopy, OCT Systems, Pachymetry, Perimeters, Slit Lamps, Specular Microscopy, Tonometry), Surgical Devices (Contact Lenses, Spectacle Lenses, Vision Care, Cataract, Glaucoma, Refractive, and Vitreoretinal Surgery Devices), and Applications (Diagnostics, Surgical, and Vision Care) and Forecast 2017-2021 at https://www.ihealthcareanalyst.com/report/ophthalmology-diagnostics-surgical-devices-market/
This relative limitation of corneal topographers of obtaining consistent measurements of the axis of very low corneal astigmatisms has been studied before by Fityo et al.
At the GeoCart 2014 conference I was asked to justify my proposition that 'landscape artists' were the de facto 'topographers' in the early days of the colony, so I gave as an example the amazing case of Tower Hill near Warrnambool, Victoria, one of the last volcanoes in Australia to become extinct.
Systematic errors in fundus cameras and topographers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt.