toughen

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tough·en

 (tŭf′ən)
tr. & intr.v. tough·ened, tough·en·ing, tough·ens
To make or become tough. See Synonyms at harden.

tough′en·er n.

toughen

(ˈtʌfən)
vb
to make or become tough or tougher

tough•en

(ˈtʌf ən)

v.t., v.i.
to make or become tough or tougher.
[1575–85]
tough′en•er, n.

toughen


Past participle: toughened
Gerund: toughening

Imperative
toughen
toughen
Present
I toughen
you toughen
he/she/it toughens
we toughen
you toughen
they toughen
Preterite
I toughened
you toughened
he/she/it toughened
we toughened
you toughened
they toughened
Present Continuous
I am toughening
you are toughening
he/she/it is toughening
we are toughening
you are toughening
they are toughening
Present Perfect
I have toughened
you have toughened
he/she/it has toughened
we have toughened
you have toughened
they have toughened
Past Continuous
I was toughening
you were toughening
he/she/it was toughening
we were toughening
you were toughening
they were toughening
Past Perfect
I had toughened
you had toughened
he/she/it had toughened
we had toughened
you had toughened
they had toughened
Future
I will toughen
you will toughen
he/she/it will toughen
we will toughen
you will toughen
they will toughen
Future Perfect
I will have toughened
you will have toughened
he/she/it will have toughened
we will have toughened
you will have toughened
they will have toughened
Future Continuous
I will be toughening
you will be toughening
he/she/it will be toughening
we will be toughening
you will be toughening
they will be toughening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been toughening
you have been toughening
he/she/it has been toughening
we have been toughening
you have been toughening
they have been toughening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been toughening
you will have been toughening
he/she/it will have been toughening
we will have been toughening
you will have been toughening
they will have been toughening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been toughening
you had been toughening
he/she/it had been toughening
we had been toughening
you had been toughening
they had been toughening
Conditional
I would toughen
you would toughen
he/she/it would toughen
we would toughen
you would toughen
they would toughen
Past Conditional
I would have toughened
you would have toughened
he/she/it would have toughened
we would have toughened
you would have toughened
they would have toughened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.toughen - make tough or toughertoughen - make tough or tougher; "This experience will toughen her"
strengthen - gain strength; "His body strengthened"
season, harden - make fit; "This trip will season even the hardiest traveller"

toughen

verb
1. harden, season, strengthen, reinforce, temper, fortify, thicken, stiffen, coarsen, rigidify laminated and toughened glass
2. make stricter, tighten, stiffen, beef up (informal), toughen up, make more severe Talks are underway to toughen trade restrictions.
3. harden, strengthen, fortify, brutalize, inure, steel, case-harden, harshen, make resilient people who have been toughened by their daily circumstances

toughen

verb
1. To become or cause to become tough or strong:
2. To make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure:
Translations
يُخَشِّن، يُقَسّي
zpevnit
gøre sejhærde
herîa; harîna
sertleş mek

toughen

[ˈtʌfn] (also toughen up)
A. VT [+ material] → endurecer; [+ person] → fortalecer, hacer más fuerte (fig) [+ position] → endurecer
B. VIendurecerse

toughen

[ˈtʌfən] vt
[+ person] → endurcir
[+ meat, material] → durcir
[+ regulation, policy] → durcirtoughened glass n [glass] → verre m trempétough guy ndur m tough love namour m exigeanttough-minded [ˌtʌfˈmaɪndɪd] adjaux idées claires
to be tough-minded → avoir les idées claires

toughen

vt
glass, metalhärten
(fig) personzäh or hart machen; (esp physically) → abhärten; laws, rules, terms, sentence, sanctionsverschärfen; to toughen one’s stance (on something)einen härteren Standpunkt beziehen (→ in Bezug auf etw acc); they will have to toughen their policysie müssen einen härteren politischen Kurs einschlagen
vi (glass, metal)aushärten, hart werden; (meat)zäh werden; (attitude)sich verhärten

toughen

[ˈtʌfn] vt (also toughten up) (substance) → rinforzare, rendere più resistente; (metal) → indurire; (person) → rendere più forte

tough

(taf) adjective
1. strong; not easily broken, worn out etc. Plastic is a tough material.
2. (of food etc) difficult to chew.
3. (of people) strong; able to bear hardship, illness etc. She must be tough to have survived such a serious illness.
4. rough and violent. It's a tough neighbourhood.
5. difficult to deal with or overcome. a tough problem; The competition was really tough.
noun
a rough, violent person; a bully.
ˈtoughness noun
ˈtoughen verb
to make or become tough.
tough luck
bad luck. That was tough luck.
get tough with (someone)
to deal forcefully with or refuse to yield to (a person). When he started to argue, I got tough with him.
References in classic literature ?
She used to beg him not to plague her; but he said he did it for her good; she was too shy, and needed toughening like the other girls.
And with exposure came a toughening and hardening of his smooth, white skin, browning now beneath the sun and wind.
It developed what little executive ability I possessed, and I was aware of a toughening or hardening which I was undergoing and which could not be anything but wholesome for "Sissy" Van Weyden.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law toughening criminal liability for recruiting to terrorist organizations up to life imprisonment, TASS reported.
The president emphasized that the elimination of administrative barriers should result in the toughening of the responsibility of business.
Max Waldron IT'S a great sport for toughening you up.
Thin Films and Coatings: Toughening and Toughness Characterization
TUNIS (TAP) - Toughening the sentences for the 20 perpetrators of the attack on the U.
President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev said some NGOs work for money of certain organizations, but he spoke against toughening of legislation.
The Government of Armenia is toughening the procedure of liquidation of individual entrepreneurs.
According to The Age, the left-arm pace bowler said that it was good for him to hear the experiences of the Victoria Cross recipient and apply it to better his own case, adding that the former corporal is a fit and strong man and had inspired him in his toughening up.
Some gardeners use them as a halfway house, toughening up plants during their journey from greenhouse to soil.