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1. A group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, disorder, or other condition considered abnormal.
a. A complex of symptoms indicating the existence of an undesirable condition or quality: suffers from fear-of-success syndrome.
b. A distinctive or characteristic pattern of behavior: the syndrome of conspicuous consumption in wealthy suburbs.
3. A group of anatomical and often physiological characteristics of an organism that serve a specific function and are presumed to have evolved together: the angiosperm reproductive syndrome.
[Greek sundromē, concurrence of symptoms, from sundromos, running together : sun-, syn- + dromos, a running.]
syn·drom′ic (-drō′mĭk, -drŏm′ĭk) adj.
1. (Medicine) med any combination of signs and symptoms that are indicative of a particular disease or disorder
2. a symptom, characteristic, or set of symptoms or characteristics indicating the existence of a condition, problem, etc
[C16: via New Latin from Greek sundromē, literally: a running together, from syn- + dramein to run]
syn•drome(ˈsɪn droʊm, -drəm)
1. a group of symptoms that together are characteristic of a specific disorder, disease, or the like.
2. a predictable, characteristic condition or pattern of behavior that tends to occur under certain circumstances: the empty nest syndrome.
[1535–45; < New Latin < Greek syndromḗ concurrence, combination =syn- syn- + -dromē running]
syn•drom′ic (-ˈdrɒm ɪk) adj.
An abnormal condition or disease that is identified by a set group of physical signs and symptoms.
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|Noun||1.||syndrome - a complex of concurrent things; "every word has a syndrome of meanings"|
|2.||syndrome - a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease|
autism - (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
ADD, ADHD, attention deficit disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, hyperkinetic syndrome, MBD, minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction - a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
Horner's syndrome - a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating)
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
cervical disc syndrome, cervical root syndrome - an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia
Chinese restaurant syndrome - headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
Conn's syndrome - disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone
FAS, fetal alcohol syndrome - a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness - a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders
Klinefelter syndrome, Klinefelter's syndrome, XXY-syndrome - syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
malabsorption syndrome - a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis
Munchausen syndrome, Munchausen's syndrome - syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
nephrosis, nephrotic syndrome - a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
Noonan's syndrome - syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility
phantom limb syndrome - syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated
PMS, premenstrual syndrome - a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
radiation sickness, radiation syndrome, radiation - syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours; "he was suffering from radiation"
Ramsay Hunt syndrome - syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss
Reiter's disease, Reiter's syndrome - an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
Ekbom syndrome, restless legs, restless legs syndrome - feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
Reye's syndrome - acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
scalenus syndrome - discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus
apyretic tetanus, intermittent cramp, intermittent tetanus, tetanilla, tetany - clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis
thoracic outlet syndrome - tingling sensations in the fingers; caused by compression on a nerve supplying the arm
Tietze's syndrome - syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain)
syndrome[ˈsɪndrəʊm] N → síndrome m
syndrome[ˈsɪndrəʊm] n → sindrome f
n. síndrome, síntomas y señales que caracterizan una enfermedad;
acquired immune deficiency ___ → ___ de inmunodeficiencia adquirida;
adipose ___ → ___ adiposo;
adrenogenital ___ → ___ suprarrenogenital;
battered children ___ → ___ de niños maltratados;
congenital rubella ___ → ___ congénito de rubéola;
dumping ___ → ___ de vaciamiento gástrico rápido;
hepatorenal ___ → ___ hepatorrenal;
irritable bowel ___ → ___ de intestino irritado, irritable;
malabsorption ___ → ___ de malabsorción gastrointestinal;
middle lobe ___ → ___ del lóbulo medio del pulmón;
nephrotic ___ → ___ nefrótico;
respiratory stress ___ → ___ de dificultad respiratoria;
scalded skin ___ → ___ de escaldadura, quemadura de la epidermis;
sick sinus ___ → ___ del seno carotídeo;
subclavian steal ___ → ___ del secuestro subclavicular;
sudden death ___ → ___ de muerte súbita;
multiple transfusion ___ → ___ de transfusión múltiple;
premenstrual ___ → ___ premenstrual;
toxic shock ___ → ___ de choque tóxico, envenenamiento de la sangre causado por estafilococos;
withdrawal ___ → ___ de privación.