dominates, large intra- and inter-season variation in dry matter (DM) productivity exists and poor mid-season animal productivity arise from a toxicosis
syndrome associated with Neotyphodium coenophialum [(Morgan-Jones + Gams) Glenn, Baycon + Hanlin Comb.
Metal gastrointestinal foreign bodies were observed on whole-body radiographs of both birds, but blood lead concentrations were below the range indicated for lead toxicosis
Raptors that had torticollis secondary to a disease process other than TBI (ie, lead toxicosis
, arbovirus infection) were excluded based on absence of clinical signs typically associated with TBI (unresponsiveness, somnolence, incoordination, and/or bruising, laceration, or other injuries to the head) or positive results of definitive testing of blood lead levels.
The most common adverse effects associated with chlorambucil therapy are myelosuppression and gastrointestinal toxicosis
Underlying causes for acute presentation of cardiovascular disease in psittacine birds are congestive heart failure (hypertrophy, dilatation, myocardial failure, valvular regurgitation); pericarditis secondary to trichomoniasis, mycosis, viral, and bacterial infections; metabolic disorders (protein deficiency); toxicosis
(avocado ingestion); and idiopathic syndromes.
The remains can be hazardous not only because of size but also because of potential toxicosis
from decomposition of the fish (Fig 5).
Heavy metal toxicosis
, inflammation, viral infections, foreign body ingestion, papillomatosis, and neoplasia are common disease conditions that adversely affect the gastrointestinal tract.
Butyrylcholinesterase is a glycoprotein enzyme used in the diagnosis of toxicosis
by cholinesterase-inhibitor agents like organophosphates and carbamates.
Because no test for organophosphate toxicosis
was readily available, a single dose of atropine (0.
Key words: toxicosis
, Knemidocoptes species, xylitol, nectar feeder, avian, Cape sugarbird, Promerops cafer
The problem causing chocolate toxicosis
is theobromine and caffeine.
Lead, which condors consume when scavenging at carcasses of animals killed with lead ammunition, is the main factor limiting their recovery; lead toxicosis
was responsible for 26 percent of juvenile condor deaths and 67 percent of adult condor deaths between 1992 and 2009," according to a statement by AOS.