toxoid


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to toxoid: tetanus toxoid, diphtheria toxoid

tox·oid

 (tŏk′soid′)
n.
A substance that has been treated to destroy its toxic properties but retains the capacity to stimulate production of antitoxins, used in immunization.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

toxoid

(ˈtɒksɔɪd)
n
(Medicine) a toxin that has been treated to reduce its toxicity and is used in immunization to stimulate production of antitoxins
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tox•oid

(ˈtɒk sɔɪd)
n.
a bacterial toxin rendered harmless by chemicals and used for inducing immunity.
[1890–95]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxoid - a bacterial toxin that has been weakened until it is no longer toxic but is strong enough to induce the formation of antibodies and immunity to the specific disease caused by the toxin; "diphtheria toxoid"
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
antigen - any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

tox·oid

n. toxoide, toxina desprovista de toxicidad que al introducirse en el organismo causa la formación de anticuerpos;
a. toxoide, de naturaleza tóxica o venenosa;
diphtheria ______ diftérico;
tetanus ______ tetánico.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

toxoid

n toxoide m; diphtheria — toxoide diftérico; tetanus — toxoide tetánico
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bingham, director of the rheumatology clinics at John Hopkins University in Baltimore, reported that relative to patients treated with methotrexate only, patients who were given rituximab plus methotrexate mount a comparable recall response to tetanus toxoid, a measure of retained immunity.
ACIP also clarified the poliovirus vaccination schedule that should be used with the combination vaccine DTaP-IPV/Hib (Pentacel), which contains diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis adsorbed, IPV, and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate (tetanus toxoid conjugate).
Adult protection may be better than indicated by serosurveys and may have improved in the United Kingdom with use since 1994 of combined tetanus-diphtheria toxoid vaccine instead of tetanus toxoid for injuries (5).
The tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine, adsorbed (Tdap) was licensed in June for use as a single-dose booster immunization in persons aged 11-64 and was previously recommended by ACIP for use in adolescents.
However, tetanus toxoid is one of our safest and most effective immunizing agents.
Tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine is recommended during the third trimester of each pregnancy to provide protection to newborns, who are at risk for pertussis-related morbidity and mortality (1).
Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of the healthcare company Sanofi Group (Euronext:SAN) (NYSE: SNY), announced on Monday the approval by Health Canada of the expansion of the indication for Menactra (Meningococcal [Groups A, C, Y and W-135] Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine) down to infants nine months of age.
A new tool is now available to assist in controlling pertussis: the tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap).
In June 2005, a vaccine containing acellular pertussis antigens, tetanus toxoid, and reduced diphtheria toxoid (Tdap) was licensed for use in persons aged 11-64 years.
Safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of a tetravalent meningococcal polysaccharide-diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine given to healthy adults.
Those of us who were immunized in infancy received a triple vaccine, DPT, containing diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus toxoid. If first immunized in military service, we were given Td, a dual vaccine that omits the pertussis toxoid and contains a smaller amount of diphtheria toxoid, which can cause adverse reactions in adults.
The technique uses a part of the Haemophilus bacterium that would normally stimulate only a weak immune response (a "hapten') and links it to a potent immune system stimulant, or "carrier' --in this case a protein component of diphtheria toxoid. The resulting antibody response is rich in Haemophilus-specific "memory cells' that enable infants to mount an amplified attack against the bacteria.