Management of postintubation tracheobronchial
rupture: Our experience and a review of the literature.
Grossly visible lesions, mostly found in the retropharyngeal or tracheobronchial
lymph nodes or lung, were typically small and localized and could easily be missed or mistaken for granulomas caused by other pathogens if careful dissections of tissues were not performed (online Technical Appendix, https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/24/12/18-0293-Techapp1.
However, if tracheobronchial
FBA is suspected, it is suggested to be investigated using bronchoscopy because the morbidity resulting from bronchoscopy is less than that due to severe airway obstruction.
Dyspnoea, haemoptysis, (massive) softtissue or mediastinal emphysema, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and emphsema are the common symptoms of tracheobronchial
injuries.5 Although clinical manifestations may generally occur immediately, slower manifestation of symptoms such as subcutaneous emphysema, respiratory failure, pneumothorax and haemoptysis may delay recognition in some cases.5 The diagnoses of tracheobronchial
injuries are not alwayseasy, since the actual presentation of the medical condition might be late and require serious medical attention, therefore the diagnoses could be delayed.
compromised pulmonary and/or tracheobronchial
toilet , 3.
Subglottic stenosis is a common tracheobronchial
complication of GPA and occurs in approximately 15% of patients.
EBUS-TBNA (UC260FW, Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was performed to puncture the right tracheobronchial
lymph node (#4R) under pharynx nasalis local anesthesia with lidocaine on July 03, 2015.
"But for very young children, they more often breathe through their mouths, and a significant fraction is deposited in the lower airways -- the tracheobronchial
and pulmonary regions.
foreign bodies are generally caused by aspiration and can result in spectrum of presentations varying from unobserved symptoms to respiratory compromise, failure and even death.
Accumulation of GAGs in the lower respiratory tract causes softening and weakness of the supporting cartilage, resulting in tracheobronchial
stenosis and malacia .