Congenital H-type tracheoesophageal
fistula (TEF) in adults is a rare presentation and can test the diagnostic acumen of a surgeon, endoscopist, and the radiologist.
Some patients had a small amount of blood in the phlegm and reported chest pain postoperatively; however, they did not have any serious complications such as pneumothorax, mediastinal emphysema, or tracheoesophageal
Analysis of morbidity and mortality in 227 cases of esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal
fistula over two decades.
Various factors leading to exclusion of the patients preoperatively from operative management were poor general condition, upper one-third involvements, involvement of longer segment of oesophagus, high risk of cardiopulmonary disease and patients presenting with tracheoesophageal
RLD is often associated with syndromes like thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR), Holt-Oram syndrome, Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiac defects, Tracheoesophageal
fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Renal and Radial anomalies, and Limb defects (VACTERL) association, Craniofacial microsomia, Fanconi anaemia, etc.
Most babies born with esophageal atresia also have a tracheoesophageal
fistula, which also needs to be repaired surgically, since fluids from the esophagus can get into the airways and interfere with breathing.
Pathologists confirmed the diagnoses for 9 (32%); however, abnormalities were absent in 16 fetuses (57%) (1 case of presumed tracheoesophageal
fistula [3%], 7 cases of suspected gastric agenesis [25%], and 8 cases of hyperechogenic bowel [29%]).
fistula following disc-battery ingestion: Can we watch and wait?
fistula due to high intracuff pressure.
The Speech-Language Pathologist should explain the changes in the anatomy and physiology brought on by surgery, the use of a feeding tube immediately after the procedure and the permanent presence of the tracheostoma, as well as show the patient the options of existing methods for oral communication rehabilitation after laryngectomy: esophageal voice, tracheoesophageal
voice (with a vocal prosthesis) and electronic larynxes .
A nasal septal button has been used to manage a tracheoesophageal
fistula after a laryngectomy.
It then ascends in the neck, traveling from lateral to medial in an oblique course, crossing the inferior thyroid artery and eventually approaches the tracheoesophageal
groove behind the common carotid artery.