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The HB used a completely different suspension design from the HA, having double-wishbone and coil springs with integrated telescopic dampers at the front, and trailing arms and coil springs at the rear.
The new suspension is an independent suspension with double-wishbone front axle in combination with a rigid rear axle which is controlled by four trailing arms on each side and a Panhard rod.
To achieve this, the rear suspension receives 21 per cent thicker trailing arms to better manage heavy suspension loads, while new bushings allow for more ride compliance and quicker response times.
To achieve this, the rear suspension receives 21 percent thicker trailing arms to better manage heavy suspension loads, while new bushings allow for more ride compliance and quicker response times.
[1] explored kinematics characteristics of suspension with double trailing arms for light off-road vehicles; they found that the double trailing arm lengths, the angles between double trailing arms, horizontal/vertical plane, and bushing stiffness of the double trailing arms linking with frame are four major parameters that affect the caster and front-wheel steering angle.
Darkness surrounds me Streetlights casting shadows As I walk through the town Silhouettes on the pavement As people pass by Moonlight breaking through clouds Catches my eye Dark alleyways between buildings I hurry on by Strange shapes appear out of the night Menacing swirling black smoke Ghost like in appearance Long trailing arms Staring red eyes Piercing, looking straight through me Looking round where can I hide Then in a whisk of black smoke They had disappeared Back into the shadows Walking quickly across the square Light rain had started to fall Making the night more miserable Staring into the shadows as I go on my way Expecting at any moment the fiends to return What else did the night hold in store for me?
In addition, the X1's uncomplicated suspension, with struts in front and trailing arms located by upper and lower lateral links in back also cuts down on weight, expense and space.
Front suspensions are on double-wishbones while rear ones rest on multilink trailing arms, both with 254mm stroke with adjustable dual coil-over-springs gas-hydraulic shock absorbers.