(2) In fact, over the last decades there has been a renewed interest in Kant's transcendental argument
. (3) In light of contemporary literature, it is clear that studying this dimension of Kant's epistemology is essential for grasping the nature of his entire philosophical project.
In this essay I will follow the first reading of the fact of reason by arguing that it is best understood as the starting point for a transcendental argument
for, or deduction of, the validity of practical reason and its moral concepts for cognition.
What is a Transcendental Argument
? En Zur Zukunft der Transzendentalphilosophie, Neue Hefte fur Philosophie, 14, 1978, 19-22.
Kant's transcendental argument
is the answer to the question of the condition of the possibility of phenomena.
Transcendental idealism is what explains the possibility of sound transcendental arguments
. The conclusion of a sound transcendental argument
is an item of synthetic a priori knowledge.
As Bhaskar explains, a transcendental argument
has the following syllogistic form:
Because the first part of the argument is an analysis of presuppositions, it will be called a transcendental argument
. The second part of the argument leads from proposition (9) to proposition (15) using theorems and rules of S5.
In defending Collingwood's conception of metaphysics as a form of transcendental argument
, D'Oro is not denying that even for Collingwood presuppositions are deep-seated convictions to which adherents are often emotionally attached.
A transcendental argument
has as its starting point a claim that concerns people's experiences or their cognitive states or capacities.
20) positions his thesis on the brink of extreme relativism by noting that: "the transcendental argument
to claims of 'necessity' (in this case to the acceptance of the ontology of causal structures, powers, tendencies, and generative mechanisms, etc.) is like all cognitive claims also fallible and corrigible".
I have argued elsewhere for this claim that the only good transcendental argument
is a parasitism argument.