transcendental idealism


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transcendental idealism

n
(Philosophy) philosophy the Kantian doctrine that reality consists not of appearances, but of some other order of being whose existence can be inferred from the nature of human reason
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It shows that Kant's conception of the transcendental unity of apperception is closer to Fichte's principle of self-positing than is usually thought, and that Kant's "I think," and not Reinhold's "principle of consciousness", may have been a source of inspiration for Fichte in his attempt to justify transcendental idealism. As in KANT, in Fichte's Wissenschaftslehre, the activity of "self-positing" is the fundamental feature of the I-hood.
The study addresses the role of Emersonian transcendentalism in realist literature and argues that even as these realist texts aim to reject romantic excess and transcendental idealism, they still rely on the idealism and ideas of the romantic tradition.
Allison, H.: Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Defense.
From "Natural Attitude" to Transcendental Idealism: Continuousness or Logical Conflict?
I also draw on Schelling's more mature, and hence often clearer and more refined presentations of his fusion of Fichte and Spinoza into a naturphilosophie in the 1800 System of Transcendental Idealism (which despite its title already presupposes Schelling's philosophy of nature), the 1809 Philosophical Inquiries into the Essence of Human Freedom, and the 1811 Clara, or On Nature's Connection to the Spirit World.
A Kantian analysis could be defended, Strawson maintained, without Kant's own doctrines of transcendental idealism and transcendental psychology, the former the doctrine that spatio-temporality is not a real feature of objects as they are in themselves, and the latter the inference that it can only be the form that we impose upon the appearances of objects in our synthesis of our representations of them.
System of Transcendental Idealism. Translated by Peter Heath.
I begin with Schelling's rendering of the difference between dogmatic idealism and transcendental idealism. Using Descartes as a foil, Schelling writes,
Key words: transcendental idealism, transcendental logic, general logic, transcendental dialectic, antinomy
Ameriks also argues for a modest reading of Kant's claim in the second Critique that Spinozism is the only alternative to transcendental idealism.
Space and time are purely subjective and contingently human forms of intuition (the doctrine of transcendental idealism).
The aim of this article is to expound the conception of phenomenon in Kant's transcendental idealism. Transcendental idealism is a term which Kant used to express the whole enterprise of his theoretical philosophy.

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