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transitive and intransitive verbs
English verbs are split into two major categories depending on how they function in a sentence: transitive and intransitive. Transitive verbs take one or more objects in a sentence, while intransitive verbs take no objects in a sentence.
Put simply, a transitive verb describes an action that is happening to something or someone, which is known as the verb’s direct object.
An intransitive verb, on the other hand, describes an action that does not happen to something or someone.
1. Abbr. trans. or tr. or t. Grammar Expressing an action carried from the subject to the object; requiring a direct object to complete meaning. Used of a verb or verb construction.
2. Characterized by or involving transition.
3. Logic & Mathematics Of or relating to a binary relation such that, whenever one element is related to a second element and the second element is related to a third element, then the first element is also related to the third element. Examples of transitive relations are "less than" for real numbers (a < b and b < c implies a < c) and divisibility for integers (a divides b and b divides c mean that a divides c).
A transitive verb.
[Late Latin trānsitīvus, passing over (translation of Greek diabibastikos), from trānsitus, past participle of trānsīre, to go over; see transient.]
tran′si·tive·ness, tran′si·tiv′i·ty n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Grammar) grammar
a. denoting an occurrence of a verb when it requires a direct object or denoting a verb that customarily requires a direct object: 'to find' is a transitive verb.
b. (as noun): these verbs are transitives.
2. (Grammar) grammar denoting an adjective, such as fond, or a noun, such as husband, that requires a noun phrase and cannot be used without some implicit or explicit reference to such a noun phrase
3. (Logic) logic maths having the property that if one object bears a relationship to a second object that also bears the same relationship to a third object, then the first object bears this relationship to the third object: mathematical equality is transitive, since if x = y and y = z then x = z.
[C16: from Late Latin transitīvus from Latin transitus a going over; see transient]
ˌtransiˈtivity, ˈtransitiveness n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
tran•si•tive(ˈtræn sɪ tɪv, -zɪ-)
1. of or designating a verb that is accompanied by a direct object and from which a passive can be formed, as deny, put, or elect.
2. characterized by or involving transition; transitional.n.
3. a transitive verb.
[1550–60; < Late Latin trānsitīvus= Latin trānsit(us), past participle of trānsīre to cross (see transit) + -īvus -ive]
tran′si•tive•ness, tran`si•tiv′i•ty, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Used to describe a verb that has a direct object. Compare intransitive.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||transitive - a verb (or verb construction) that requires an object in order to be grammatical|
verb - the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence
|Adj.||1.||transitive - designating a verb that requires a direct object to complete the meaning|
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
intransitive - designating a verb that does not require or cannot take a direct object
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
transitive[ˈtrænzɪtɪv] adj [verb] → transitif/ive
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
transitive[ˈtrænzɪtɪv] adj (Gram) → transitivo/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
(of a verb) having an object. He hit the ball; Open the door! oorganklik مُتَعَدٍّ преходен transitivo přechodný transitiv transitiv μεταβατικόςtransitivo sihiline متعدی transitiivi- transitif פוֹעַל יוֹצֵא सकर्मक prijelazni tárgyas (ige) transitif áhrifs- transitivo 他動詞の 타동사의 galininkinis, tranzityvinis transitīvs, pārejošs transitif overgankelijktransitiv przechodni تیریدونی، متعدی transitivo tranzitiv переходный prechodný prehoden (glagol) tranzitivan transitiv เกี่ยวกับสกรรมกริยา geçişli, nesne alan (語法中的)及物動詞 перехідний فعل متعدي ngoại động từ （语法中的）及物的
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.