transom

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tran·som

 (trăn′səm)
n.
1.
a. A horizontal crosspiece over a door or between a door and a window above it.
b. A small hinged window above a door or another window.
2. A horizontal dividing bar of wood or stone in a window.
3. A lintel.
4. Nautical
a. The stern of a square-sterned boat or ship.
b. Any of several transverse beams affixed to the sternpost of a wooden ship and forming part of the stern.
c. The aftermost transverse structural member in a steel ship, including the floor, frame, and beam assembly at the sternpost.
5. The horizontal beam on a cross or gallows.
Idiom:
over the transom
Without being agreed to; unsolicited: They even publish a few manuscripts that come in over the transom.

[Middle English traunsom, probably alteration of Latin trānstrum, cross-beam, from trāns, across; see trans-.]

transom

(ˈtrænsəm)
n
1. (Building) Also called: traverse a horizontal member across a window. Compare mullion
2. (Building) a horizontal member that separates a door from a window over it
3. (Building) the usual US name for fanlight
4. (Nautical Terms) nautical
a. a surface forming the stern of a vessel, either vertical or canted either forwards (reverse transom) or aft at the upper side
b. any of several transverse beams used for strengthening the stern of a vessel
[C14: earlier traversayn, from Old French traversin, from traverse]
ˈtransomed adj

tran•som

(ˈtræn səm)

n.
1. a crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above it.
2. a window above such a crosspiece.
3. a crossbar dividing a window horizontally.
4.
a. a flat termination to the stern of a ship, above the water line.
b. any of the transverse beams attached to the sternpost of a ship that strengthen the stern.
[1325–75; late Middle English traunsum, traunsom, Middle English transyn, probably alter. of traversayn < Old French traversin crosspiece, derivative of travers breadth; see traverse]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.transom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the doortransom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door
window - a framework of wood or metal that contains a glass windowpane and is built into a wall or roof to admit light or air
2.transom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over ittransom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over it
crosspiece - a transverse brace
Translations
kamanaperäpeili

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] N (Archit) (across window) → travesaño m (US) (= window) → montante m de abanico, abanico m

transom

n (= transom window)Oberlicht nt; (= cross-piece)Querbalken m

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] ntraversa
References in periodicals archive ?
The architectural detail on the original building is superb - the wide gateway has fluted Corinthian columns, there are mullioned and transomed windows and there are exquisite vinescroll decorations to the tie beams and barge boards on the upper floor.
When it comes to mill architecture, this building has it all: "Brick mill construction and fireproof construction, low-pitched (nearly flat) roof, segmented-arched window and door openings, and transomed double windows,'' according to its National Register of Historic Places application.
Jones recurs to this theme in his "Introduction" to the Rime of 1964 when he writes that the vessel of the ecclesia is "secure because to the transomed stauros of the mast was made fast the Incarnate Word" and "not the yarded mast only, but the planking and timbers composing the vessel" and above all that "hidden keel-elm on which all other members depend" (Jones Ancient Mariner 35; Dying Gaul 215).
25) Brilliant light streams through the window on the left, while the light from the window on the right appears to be filtered by tinted glass in a mullioned and transomed windowframe, or by a rectangular translucent curtain or shade on which is depicted a large, dark cross.