transom

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tran·som

 (trăn′səm)
n.
1.
a. A horizontal crosspiece over a door or between a door and a window above it.
b. A small hinged window above a door or another window.
2. A horizontal dividing bar of wood or stone in a window.
3. A lintel.
4. Nautical
a. The stern of a square-sterned boat or ship.
b. Any of several transverse beams affixed to the sternpost of a wooden ship and forming part of the stern.
c. The aftermost transverse structural member in a steel ship, including the floor, frame, and beam assembly at the sternpost.
5. The horizontal beam on a cross or gallows.
Idiom:
over the transom
Without being agreed to; unsolicited: They even publish a few manuscripts that come in over the transom.

[Middle English traunsom, probably alteration of Latin trānstrum, cross-beam, from trāns, across; see trans-.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

transom

(ˈtrænsəm)
n
1. (Building) Also called: traverse a horizontal member across a window. Compare mullion
2. (Building) a horizontal member that separates a door from a window over it
3. (Building) the usual US name for fanlight
4. (Nautical Terms) nautical
a. a surface forming the stern of a vessel, either vertical or canted either forwards (reverse transom) or aft at the upper side
b. any of several transverse beams used for strengthening the stern of a vessel
[C14: earlier traversayn, from Old French traversin, from traverse]
ˈtransomed adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tran•som

(ˈtræn səm)

n.
1. a crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above it.
2. a window above such a crosspiece.
3. a crossbar dividing a window horizontally.
4.
a. a flat termination to the stern of a ship, above the water line.
b. any of the transverse beams attached to the sternpost of a ship that strengthen the stern.
[1325–75; late Middle English traunsum, traunsom, Middle English transyn, probably alter. of traversayn < Old French traversin crosspiece, derivative of travers breadth; see traverse]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.transom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the doortransom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door
window - a framework of wood or metal that contains a glass windowpane and is built into a wall or roof to admit light or air
2.transom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over ittransom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over it
crosspiece - a transverse brace
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
kamanaperäpeili

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] N (Archit) (across window) → travesaño m (US) (= window) → montante m de abanico, abanico m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

transom

n (= transom window)Oberlicht nt; (= cross-piece)Querbalken m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] ntraversa
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in classic literature ?
Here, then, I'll seat me, against the transom, in the ship's full middle, all her keel and her three masts before me.
The ascent into the tower is by an exceeding deep flight of steep steps, four feet and a half wide, on the south side leading to a low doorway, over which is a circular arch crossed by a great transom stone.
seated on the transom was what seemed to me a most uncommon and surprising figure.
But to my astonishment, he sat down again on the transom very quietly, and seemed to have not the slightest intention of withdrawing.
Anson Kirkpatrick mounted a chair and peeped over the transom. Springing down, he wrenched open the doors and ran out into the dining-room.
Attwood doesn't include the recommended 1-inch stainless steel screws in the kit, because not all transoms are the same thickness.