transom

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tran·som

 (trăn′səm)
n.
1.
a. A horizontal crosspiece over a door or between a door and a window above it.
b. A small hinged window above a door or another window.
2. A horizontal dividing bar of wood or stone in a window.
3. A lintel.
4. Nautical
a. The stern of a square-sterned boat or ship.
b. Any of several transverse beams affixed to the sternpost of a wooden ship and forming part of the stern.
c. The aftermost transverse structural member in a steel ship, including the floor, frame, and beam assembly at the sternpost.
5. The horizontal beam on a cross or gallows.
Idiom:
over the transom
Without being agreed to; unsolicited: They even publish a few manuscripts that come in over the transom.

[Middle English traunsom, probably alteration of Latin trānstrum, cross-beam, from trāns, across; see trans-.]

transom

(ˈtrænsəm)
n
1. (Building) Also called: traverse a horizontal member across a window. Compare mullion
2. (Building) a horizontal member that separates a door from a window over it
3. (Building) the usual US name for fanlight
4. (Nautical Terms) nautical
a. a surface forming the stern of a vessel, either vertical or canted either forwards (reverse transom) or aft at the upper side
b. any of several transverse beams used for strengthening the stern of a vessel
[C14: earlier traversayn, from Old French traversin, from traverse]
ˈtransomed adj

tran•som

(ˈtræn səm)

n.
1. a crosspiece separating a door or the like from a window or fanlight above it.
2. a window above such a crosspiece.
3. a crossbar dividing a window horizontally.
4.
a. a flat termination to the stern of a ship, above the water line.
b. any of the transverse beams attached to the sternpost of a ship that strengthen the stern.
[1325–75; late Middle English traunsum, traunsom, Middle English transyn, probably alter. of traversayn < Old French traversin crosspiece, derivative of travers breadth; see traverse]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.transom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the doortransom - a window above a door that is usually hinged to a horizontal crosspiece over the door
window - a framework of wood or metal that contains a glass windowpane and is built into a wall or roof to admit light or air
2.transom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over ittransom - a horizontal crosspiece across a window or separating a door from a window over it
crosspiece - a transverse brace
Translations
kamanaperäpeili

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] N (Archit) (across window) → travesaño m (US) (= window) → montante m de abanico, abanico m

transom

n (= transom window)Oberlicht nt; (= cross-piece)Querbalken m

transom

[ˈtrænsəm] ntraversa
References in classic literature ?
Here, then, I'll seat me, against the transom, in the ship's full middle, all her keel and her three masts before me.
The ascent into the tower is by an exceeding deep flight of steep steps, four feet and a half wide, on the south side leading to a low doorway, over which is a circular arch crossed by a great transom stone.
seated on the transom was what seemed to me a most uncommon and surprising figure.
But to my astonishment, he sat down again on the transom very quietly, and seemed to have not the slightest intention of withdrawing.
Anson Kirkpatrick mounted a chair and peeped over the transom.
Attwood doesn't include the recommended 1-inch stainless steel screws in the kit, because not all transoms are the same thickness.
If you have any doubts, consult a professional rigger to assess location of the holes to avoid fuel or hydraulic lines, and to properly seal them--with 5200, at least--against water intrusion (improperly mounted thruhulls, over time, can cause wood-core transoms to soften).
AWSCO Architectural Millwork products introduces an all new Line of Grand Entrances transoms and side-lites.