transposon


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Related to transposon: insertion sequence

trans·po·son

 (trăns-pō′zŏn)
n.
A segment of DNA that is capable of moving into a new position within the same or another chromosome or plasmid. Also called jumping gene.

transposon

(trænsˈpəʊzɒn)
n
(Genetics) genetics a genetic element that can move from one site in a chromosome to another site in the same or a different chromosome and thus alter the genetic constitution of the organism
[C20: from transpos(e) + -on]

trans•po•son

(trænsˈpoʊ zɒn)

n.
a gene or set of genes capable of inserting copies of itself into other DNA sites within the same cell. Also called jumping gene.
[1974; transpos (ition) + -on1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.transposon - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence of acquired fosfomycin resistance among extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoni ae clinical isolates in Korea and IS26-composite transposon surroundi ng fosA3.
Firstly, the transgene expression vector carrying the cytomegalovirus-enhanced green fluorescent protein (CMV-eGFP) gene was inserted into the 5'- and 3'-UTR piggyBac transposon elements (piggyBac loxP66-eGFP-loxP71).
Inducible transfer of conjugative transposon Tn1545 from Enterococcus faecalis to Listeria monocytogenes in the digestive tracts of gnotobiotic mice.
Tambien se determino el entorno genetico del gen blaKPC utilizando iniciadores especificos para el transposon Tn4401 (11) (Tabla I).
For rice experiments, 124 Ac/Ds transposon mutant lines (Dongjin background) were obtained from the Rural Development Administration (RDA), Jeonju-si, Korea, and all mutant lines were screened for their response to nitrosative stress.
To confirm the GWA results, we tested the top candidate genes using available P{MiET1} transposon insertion lines (Bellen et al.
Functional characterization of Tn4401, a Tn3-based transposon involved in blaKPC gene mobilization.
Wang et al (39) performed transposon interaction and a SVM for piRNAs prediction.
Inserting of transposons in four regions (intron1, exon3, exon10, intron12) of Waxy gene produced 11 allelic variation types, among which, one variation type, did not change amylose content, giving the same non-waxy phenotype as wild type (I).
Part of the oGenetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plantso series, this volume focuses on maize, which has long been important for agriculture, bioethanol production and research as a model organism for genetics, epigenetics and transposon biology.

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