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Across or through the thoracic cavity or chest wall.

trans′tho·rac′i·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Anatomy) anatomy across the thorax
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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"Pre-eclampsia is a real-life 'stress test' and the use of transthoracic echocardiography could help us detect early consequences on the heart before women experience symptoms," said co-author Archana Selvakumar Thayaparan.
We are using transthoracic echo as routine during ASD device closure and trans-esophageal echo only if transthoracic echo is suboptimal for the last ten years and now also being reported in literature21.
[12] In this case, ultrasound-guided transthoracic tru-cut biopsy (TTTCB) procedure may be used.
Baykan A et al reported that transcatheter PDA closure in children without using femoral artery, under the guidance of transthoracic echocardiography and aortogram in the return phase is an effective and reliable method.8 Another study reported successful use of this technique in extremely premature infants.9 Chen et al showed the efficacy of transvenous route as only approach in grown up patients.10 In Pakistan, it is a common practice to take both arterial and venous access.11,12 We performed PDA device occlusion taking only venous access.
Comparing outcomes after transthoracic and transhiatal esophagectomy: A 5-year prospective cohort of 17,395 patients.
The patients were diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography.
Serial measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction either by transthoracic echocardiogram or by radionuclide angiocardiography, as done in patients receiving doxorubicin, may be a useful modality in monitoring patients planned for bevacizumab therapy via any route while the search for more sensitive and reliable predictors of eventual left ventricular dysfunction continues.
Due to its location, Eustachian valve is easily seen by transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography when a subcostal view is used [2, 3].
Percutaneous transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology (PTFNAC) of the lung as a diagnostic method has gained increasing acceptance in the recent years.
The patient underwent a transthoracic echocardiogram revealing a normal ejection fraction without evidence of a VSD.
These findings were consistent with a transthoracic echocardiogram, which showed an estimated ejection fraction of 10-15% (Figure 2).

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