trapezium

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trapezium

tra·pe·zi·um

 (trə-pē′zē-əm)
n. pl. tra·pe·zi·ums or tra·pe·zi·a (-zē-ə)
1. Mathematics
a. A quadrilateral having no parallel sides.
b. Chiefly British A trapezoid.
2. Anatomy A bone in the wrist at the base of the thumb.

[Originally, a quadrilateral with two parallel sides (later confused with trapezoid, originally, a quadrilateral having no parallel sides), from Modern Latin trapezium, a quadrilateral with two parallel sides, from Late Greek trapezion, from Greek, diminutive of trapeza, table : tra-, four; see kwetwer- in Indo-European roots + peza, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

trapezium

(trəˈpiːzɪəm)
n, pl -ziums or -zia (-zɪə)
1. (Mathematics) chiefly Brit a quadrilateral having two parallel sides of unequal length. Usual US and Canadian name: trapezoid
2. (Mathematics) chiefly US and Canadian a quadrilateral having neither pair of sides parallel
3. (Anatomy) a small bone of the wrist near the base of the thumb
[C16: via Late Latin from Greek trapezion, from trapeza table]
traˈpezial adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tra•pe•zi•um

(trəˈpi zi əm)

n., pl. -zi•ums, -zi•a (-zi ə)
1.
a. (in Euclidean geometry) any rectilinear quadrilateral plane figure not a parallelogram.
b. a quadrilateral plane figure of which no two sides are parallel.
2. the mammalian wrist bone that articulates with the metacarpal of the first digit or thumb.
[1545–55; < New Latin < Greek trapézion kind of quadrilateral, literally, small table, diminutive of trápeza table, shortening of *tetrapeza=tetra- four + -peza foot, akin to poús; see tetra-, foot]
tra•pe′zi•al, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

tra·pe·zi·um

(trə-pē′zē-əm)
A four-sided figure having no parallel sides.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trapezium - a quadrilateral with no parallel sidestrapezium - a quadrilateral with no parallel sides
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
quadrangle, quadrilateral, tetragon - a four-sided polygon
parallelogram - a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are both parallel and equal in length
2.trapezium - a multiple star in the constellation of OrionTrapezium - a multiple star in the constellation of Orion
multiple star - a system of three or more stars associated by gravity
3.trapezium - the wrist bone on the thumb side of the hand that articulates with the 1st and 2nd metacarpalstrapezium - the wrist bone on the thumb side of the hand that articulates with the 1st and 2nd metacarpals
carpal, carpal bone, wrist bone - any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

trapezium

[trəˈpiːzɪəm] N (trapeziums, trapezia (pl)) [trəˈpiːzɪə] (Math) → trapecio m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

trapezium

n (Brit) → Trapez nt; (US) → Trapezoid nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

trapezium

[trəˈpiːzɪəm] n (Geom) → trapezio
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
This season, it highlights one of fashion's favored shapes, the trapeze, and comes out with the Cava Luxe Trapezia bag.
And, since I've not utilised either piece of knowledge since then - I can't remember the last time I encountered trapeziums (trapezia?) and am so eye-squeamish I can't even wear contact lenses - my method hasn't been too detrimental.
Glynn (1976) describio el proceso de defensa que hacen los simbiontes Trapezia y Alpheus ante la accion coralivora de la estrella corona de espinas, la cual prefiere atacar corales que no posean estos decapodos simbiontes.
For Figure 2b, let the shorter of the parallel sides in the trapezia be y.
Each enclave is obviously a polygon, so its area is calculated as the sum of the areas of a series of trapezia constructed by dropping vertical lines from each vertex (i.e.