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 (trə-voi′, trăv′oi′)
n. pl. tra·vois (trə-voiz′, trăv′oiz′)
A frame slung between trailing poles and pulled by a dog or horse, formerly used by Plains Indians as a conveyance for goods and belongings.

[Canadian French, alteration of obsolete travoy, from travail, cart-shaft, from French, frame for restraining horses, alteration of Late Latin tripālium, device with three stakes, probably from Latin tripālis, having three stakes; see travail.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -vois (-ˈvɔɪz)
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a sled formerly used by the Plains Indians of North America, consisting of two poles joined by a frame and dragged by an animal
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) Canadian a similar sled used for dragging logs
[from Canadian French, from French travail trave]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



n., pl. -vois (-ˈvɔɪz)
a transport device used by the Plains Indians, consisting of two poles joined by a frame and drawn by an animal.
[1840–50; Amer.; earlier travoy < North American French; compare Canadian French travail shaft of a cart]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The background riders and travois are bathed in the warm glow of a northern plains sun.
The brigade trailed away from Flathead post packing their outfits on horses, or dragging travois like a band of Indian.
Where the novel begins with Billy riding out for wood with Boyd carried on a travois, the novel closes with Billy carrying the bones of his dead brother on a travois heading north out of Mexico (C, 5, 8, 421).
The items reflect artistry and practicality: a burden basket with a tump line that the user would attach to her head; arrows and atlatls; a mano and metate; a decorated travois.
Kansas City, MO, June 06, 2015 --( The 15th Annual Travois Indian Country Affordable Housing & Economic Development Conference will be held on Sept.
Although it's still uncommon, enrollment has increased slightly, said Travois Plume, counselor at the center.
Heartbroken, the father built a travois for his son's body and was too distraught to notice the approaching spring storm when he set out for home.
Neither is it accurate to say that "archaeological and oral evidence agree that the Plains, away from the shelter of the mountains and the river valleys, was seldom traversed in the days when people walked and dogs carried their cargo on travois." (3) Archaeological evidence firmly establishes that people have lived and camped on the open Plains, well away from valleys and mountains, for as long as they have been here.
Here are pictures of herds of buffalo, mothers and children in beaded cradleboards, Indian boys and girls at play with corn husk dolls and bows and arrows, and whole tribes riding horses pulling travois laden with buffalo hide tens and camp supplies.
For example, in a 1929 interview she noted that "I have traveled in practically every conveyance known to this country" including travois, prairie schooner, and canoe.
The first, fifty years ago, by travois, the second twentyfive [sic] years ago by horse and buggy, the third, today, by an impatient Chevrolet sedan which honked imperiously.