trench(redirected from trench upon)
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1. A deep furrow or ditch.
2. A long narrow ditch embanked with its own soil and used for concealment and protection in warfare.
3. A long, steep-sided valley on the ocean floor.
v. trenched, trench·ing, trench·es
1. To dig or make a trench or trenches in (land or an area, for example).
2. To place in a trench: trench a pipeline.
1. To dig a trench or trenches.
2. To encroach. Often used with on or upon: "The bishop exceeded his powers, and trenched on those of the king" (Francis Parkman).
3. To verge or border. Often used with on or upon: "a broad playfulness that trenched on buffoonery" (George Meredith).
[Middle English trenche, from Old French, a cutting, slice, from trenchier, to cut, from Vulgar Latin *trincāre, perhaps partly from Latin *trīncāre, to cut in three (from earlier *trīnicāre : Latin rīnī, three each, triple; see trei- in Indo-European roots + Latin -icāre, as in duplicāre, to double, split in two; see duplicate) and partly from a Gaulish root *trink-, to cut, behead, found in Late Latin trincus trincus, a kind of gladiator who was subject to particular Gaulish customs and probably fought until beheaded (of Gaulish origin, perhaps ultimately from a pre-Roman substrate root *trenk-, to cut, or perhaps akin to Latin truncus, trunk; see terə in Indo-European roots).]
1. a deep ditch or furrow
2. (Fortifications) a ditch dug as a fortification, having a parapet of the excavated earth
3. to make a trench in (a place)
4. (Fortifications) (tr) to fortify with a trench or trenches
5. to slash or be slashed
6. (intr; foll by on or upon) to encroach or verge
[C14: from Old French trenche something cut, from trenchier to cut, from Latin truncāre to cut off]
1. a long, narrow excavation in the ground dug by soldiers as a defense against enemy fire or attack.
2. a deep furrow, ditch, or cut.
3. a long, narrow depression in the deep-sea floor, site of ocean deeps.v.t.
4. to surround or fortify with trenches; entrench.
5. to cut a trench in.
6. to set or place in a trench.
7. to form (a furrow, ditch, etc.) by cutting into or through something.
8. to make a cut in.v.i.
9. to dig a trench.
[1350–1400; Middle English trenche path made by cutting < Old French: act of cutting, a cut, derivative of trenchier to cut < Vulgar Latin *trincāre, for Latin truncāre to lop]
Past participle: trenched
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|Noun||1.||trench - a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth|
approach trench, communication trench - a trench that provides protected passage between the rear and front lines of a defensive position
ditch - a long narrow excavation in the earth
fire trench - a trench especially constructed for the delivery of small-arms fire
slit trench - narrow trench for shelter in battle
|2.||trench - a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor|
|3.||trench - any long ditch cut in the ground |
ditch - a long narrow excavation in the earth
furrow - a long shallow trench in the ground (especially one made by a plow)
|Verb||1.||trench - impinge or infringe upon; "This impinges on my rights as an individual"; "This matter entrenches on other domains"|
|2.||trench - fortify by surrounding with trenches; "He trenched his military camp"|
|3.||trench - cut or carve deeply into; "letters trenched into the stone"|
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
|4.||trench - set, plant, or bury in a trench; "trench the fallen soldiers"; "trench the vegetables"|
|5.||trench - cut a trench in, as for drainage; "ditch the land to drain it"; "trench the fields"|
|6.||trench - dig a trench or trenches; "The National Guardsmen were sent out to trench"|
a long narrow ditch dug in the ground, especially as a protection for soldiers against gunfire. The soldiers returned to the trenches. sloot خَنْدَق окоп vala zákop der (Schützen-)Graben rende; skyttegrav χαράκωμαtrinchera kaevik گودال؛ سنگر oja tranchéeחפירה खन्दक rov lövészárok parit skotgröf trincea ざんごう 참호 tranšėja, apkasas tranšeja; ierakumi parit pelindung loopgraafgrøft; skyttergrav okop, rów ګودال، سنګر vala tranşee окоп zákop jarek jarak dike, skyttegrav คู siper, hendek 戰壕 траншея, окоп خندق rãnh, mương 战壕
trench→ خَنْدَق příkop grøft Graben τάφρος zanja kaivanto tranchée rov trincea 深くて細長い溝 참호 geul grøft rów trincheira ров dike คู siper rãnh 壕沟
n. trinchera, zanja, foso;
___ back → rigidez y dolor de espalda;
___ fever → fiebre de ___, fiebre remitente transmitida por piojos;
___ foot → pie de ___, infección en los pies por exposición al frío;
___ -mouth → infección con ulceración de las mucosas de la boca y la faringe.