trephine


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Related to trephine: trephine biopsy, trephine drill

tre·phine

 (trĭ-fīn′)
n.
A surgical instrument with a cylindrical saw usually used for removing a disk of bone, especially from the skull, or for removing corneal tissue.
tr.v. tre·phined, tre·phin·ing, tre·phines
To operate on with a trephine.

[French tréphine, from obsolete English trefine, from Latin trēs fīnēs, three ends : trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + fīnēs, pl. of fīnis, end.]

treph′i·na′tion (trĕf′ə-nā′shən) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

trephine

(trɪˈfiːn)
n
(Surgery) a surgical sawlike instrument for removing circular sections of bone, esp from the skull
vb
(Surgery) (tr) to remove a circular section of bone from (esp the skull)
Also called: trepan
[C17: from French tréphine, from obsolete English trefine trepan1, allegedly from Latin trēs fīnēs literally: three ends; influenced also by English trepane trepan1]
trephination n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tre•phine

(trɪˈfaɪn, -ˈfin)

n., v. -phined, -phin•ing. n.
1. a small circular saw used in surgery to remove disks of bone, esp. from the skull.
v.t.
2. to operate upon with a trephine.
[1620–30; sp. variant of trefine, orig. trafine, b. trapan (variant of trepan1) and Latin phrase trēs fīnēs three ends]
treph•i•na•tion (ˌtrɛf əˈneɪ ʃən) n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

trephine


Past participle: trephined
Gerund: trephining

Imperative
trephine
trephine
Present
I trephine
you trephine
he/she/it trephines
we trephine
you trephine
they trephine
Preterite
I trephined
you trephined
he/she/it trephined
we trephined
you trephined
they trephined
Present Continuous
I am trephining
you are trephining
he/she/it is trephining
we are trephining
you are trephining
they are trephining
Present Perfect
I have trephined
you have trephined
he/she/it has trephined
we have trephined
you have trephined
they have trephined
Past Continuous
I was trephining
you were trephining
he/she/it was trephining
we were trephining
you were trephining
they were trephining
Past Perfect
I had trephined
you had trephined
he/she/it had trephined
we had trephined
you had trephined
they had trephined
Future
I will trephine
you will trephine
he/she/it will trephine
we will trephine
you will trephine
they will trephine
Future Perfect
I will have trephined
you will have trephined
he/she/it will have trephined
we will have trephined
you will have trephined
they will have trephined
Future Continuous
I will be trephining
you will be trephining
he/she/it will be trephining
we will be trephining
you will be trephining
they will be trephining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been trephining
you have been trephining
he/she/it has been trephining
we have been trephining
you have been trephining
they have been trephining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been trephining
you will have been trephining
he/she/it will have been trephining
we will have been trephining
you will have been trephining
they will have been trephining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been trephining
you had been trephining
he/she/it had been trephining
we had been trephining
you had been trephining
they had been trephining
Conditional
I would trephine
you would trephine
he/she/it would trephine
we would trephine
you would trephine
they would trephine
Past Conditional
I would have trephined
you would have trephined
he/she/it would have trephined
we would have trephined
you would have trephined
they would have trephined
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trephine - a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skulltrephine - a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull
surgical instrument - a medical instrument used in surgery
Verb1.trephine - operate on with a trephinetrephine - operate on with a trephine    
operate on, operate - perform surgery on; "The doctors operated on the patient but failed to save his life"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

trephine

[treˈfiːn]
A. Ntrépano m
B. VTtrepanar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in classic literature ?
The suffusion of the brain will increase quickly, so we must trephine at once or it may be too late."
18F-FDG PET/CT bone/bone marrow findings in Hodgkin's lymphoma may circumvent the use of bone marrow trephine biopsy at diagnosis staging.
Modern techniques for the diagnostic evaluation of the trephine bone marrow biopsy: methodological aspects and applications.
He had been to various hospitals and investigations including blood complete picture, blood culture and sensitivity, mantoux test and bone marrow aspiration and trephine biopsy were carried out.
Carried out by a trephine, which refers to a class of instruments used for the cutting purpose, the procedure carried on even until the Middle Ages.
Furthermore her bone marrow trephine biopsy was done which showed clusters of mature megakaryocytes with multi-lobulated staghorn nucleoli, suggestive of Essential thrombocytosis.
Marrow infiltration was present in 42/83 cases (50.6%) in 20/42 cases (47.6%) in whom both aspirate and trephine biopsies were involved.
Bone marrow Trephine showed increased megakaryocytes, and myeloid hyperplasia (Figure-d).
To investigate the cause of thrombocytopenia, the patient underwent a bone marrow trephine and aspiration biopsy.
The system consists of several specialized single-use instruments including a facet joint access instrument, lateral mass decortication trephine, mallet, cannula, decortication rasp, decortication burr as well as bone graft tamp.