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n. pl. tri·clin·i·a (-ē-ə)
1. A couch facing three sides of a rectangular table, used by the ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans for reclining at meals.
2. A room containing such a couch or couches; a dining room.

[Latin trīclīnium, from Greek triklīnion, diminutive of triklīnos, room with three couches : tri-, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + klīnē, couch; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]


(in ancient Rome) n, pl -ia (-ɪə)
1. (Furniture) an arrangement of three couches around a table for reclining upon while dining
2. (Historical Terms) a dining room, esp one containing such an arrangement of couches
[C17: from Latin, from Greek triklinion, from tri- + klinē a couch]


(traɪˈklɪn i əm)

n., pl. -clin•i•a (-ˈklɪn i ə)
(in ancient Rome)
1. an arrangement of couches around three sides of a table, for reclining on while dining.
2. a dining room, esp. one designed for such an arrangement.
[1640–50; < Latin trīclīnium < Greek triklinion, derivative of tríklīnos having three couches]


A couch or set of couches surrounding three sides of a table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.triclinium - a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)triclinium - a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)
dining room, dining-room - a room used for dining
2.triclinium - a dining table with couches along three sides in ancient Rometriclinium - a dining table with couches along three sides in ancient Rome
dining table, board - a table at which meals are served; "he helped her clear the dining table"; "a feast was spread upon the board"
References in periodicals archive ?
Embora pudessem ser instalados em aposentos menos frequentados, como os quartos de dormir (cubiculi), os mosaicos maiores e mais sofisticados faziam parte da decoracao dos ambientes destinados a recepcao de convidados, ou seja, os triclinia (salas de jantar), os oeci e as exedrae (salas de recepcao).
Algo mas exacta en la nomenclatura funcional es la descripcion que de los mismos palacios realiza la Cronica ad Sebastianum: nam et regaliapalatia, balnea, triclinia uel domata atque pretoria construxit decora et omnia regni utensilia fabrefecit pulcherrima" (90).
Nevertheless, mentioning the scholarly works that point to the late-antiquity and early-Byzantine triclinia as the origin of refectory architecture, Popovic (1998, 300) emphasizes the introverted nature of the latter in contrast to the intended visual connection between interior and exterior by the triclinium.
Jesus heals a man of dropsy, "a Cynic metaphor for consuming passion" (Braun 30-38), on the Sabbath, striking in Greco-Roman society, where luxurious display in triclinia generated honor and power.
triclinia, cubiculae, zothecae (libraries and studies) and extensive bath facilities based on city thermae) by a roofed passage way (cryptoporticus).