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n. pl. tri·clin·i·a (-ē-ə)
1. A couch facing three sides of a rectangular table, used by the ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans for reclining at meals.
2. A room containing such a couch or couches; a dining room.

[Latin trīclīnium, from Greek triklīnion, diminutive of triklīnos, room with three couches : tri-, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + klīnē, couch; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(in ancient Rome) n, pl -ia (-ɪə)
1. (Furniture) an arrangement of three couches around a table for reclining upon while dining
2. (Historical Terms) a dining room, esp one containing such an arrangement of couches
[C17: from Latin, from Greek triklinion, from tri- + klinē a couch]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(traɪˈklɪn i əm)

n., pl. -clin•i•a (-ˈklɪn i ə)
(in ancient Rome)
1. an arrangement of couches around three sides of a table, for reclining on while dining.
2. a dining room, esp. one designed for such an arrangement.
[1640–50; < Latin trīclīnium < Greek triklinion, derivative of tríklīnos having three couches]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


A couch or set of couches surrounding three sides of a table.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.triclinium - a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)triclinium - a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)
dining room, dining-room - a room used for dining
2.triclinium - a dining table with couches along three sides in ancient Rometriclinium - a dining table with couches along three sides in ancient Rome
dining table, board - a table at which meals are served; "he helped her clear the dining table"; "a feast was spread upon the board"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Overall, the design of the mosaic, additionally equipped with a transversal field in front decorated with astragals and rosettes, is typical for the triclinia -- the most imposing of the dining rooms in a Roman house," said Majcherek.
(35) Rekonstruksie van triclinia in Pompeii dui daarop dat hierdie vertrekke gewoonlik min of geen vensters gehad nie en gevolglik baie donker was.
Embora pudessem ser instalados em aposentos menos frequentados, como os quartos de dormir (cubiculi), os mosaicos maiores e mais sofisticados faziam parte da decoracao dos ambientes destinados a recepcao de convidados, ou seja, os triclinia (salas de jantar), os oeci e as exedrae (salas de recepcao).
Jesus heals a man of dropsy, "a Cynic metaphor for consuming passion" (Braun 30-38), on the Sabbath, striking in Greco-Roman society, where luxurious display in triclinia generated honor and power.