trigeminal nerve

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trigeminal nerve

n.
Either of the fifth pair of cranial nerves, being the chief sensory nerve of the face and the motor nerve of the muscles of chewing and having sensory and motor functions in the teeth, mouth, and nasal cavity. Also called trigeminus.

trigeminal nerve

n
(Anatomy) anatomy either one of the fifth pair of cranial nerves, which supply the muscles of the mandible and maxilla. Their ophthalmic branches supply the area around the orbit of the eye, the nasal cavity, and the forehead

trigem′inal nerve′


n.
either of the fifth pair of vertebrate cranial nerves that innervate the jaw muscles and head region.
[1825–35]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trigeminal nerve - the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of masticationtrigeminal nerve - the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of mastication
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
References in periodicals archive ?
Vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve is a frequent finding in asymptomatic individuals 3-T MR imaging of 200 trigeminal nerves using 3D CISS sequences.
Vascular compression of the Peker S, Dincer A, trigeminal nerve is a frequent Necmettin PM finding in asymptomatic (2009) individuals: 3-T MR imaging of 200 trigeminal nerves using 3D CISS sequences.
Such similarities, along with extreme sensitivity of the olfactory system, widespread presence of olfactory receptors over all organic tissues (where they have metabolic roles besides perception of odors), and potential direct access to the brain through olfactory nerves (ONs) and trigeminal nerves, may suggest the olfactory system as target for HRs.
"The study also places BMSC intranasal because in pre-clinical models they may enter the brain through the 5th cranial nerves or Trigeminal nerves."
By delivering therapeutics to the upper nasal cavity, the POD nasal delivery platform takes advantage of the vascular rich olfactory region for improved bioavailability and has the potential to target the brain via the olfactory and trigeminal nerves.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a unilateral disorder highlighted by electric stun-like neuropathic pain near the distribution of the trigeminal nerves with sudden onset and termination.
The pain originates in one of the three trigeminal nerves divisions and may be felt in any or all of the following: the ear, eye, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, cheeks, teeth, or jaw and alongside of the face2,3-7.
(1) Involvement of the facial or trigeminal nerves has been commonly reported in borderline tuberculoid (BT) leprosy while olfactory nerve involvement is observed frequently in borderline lepromatous or lepromatous (BL, LL) leprosy.
(4) Engagement of trigeminal nerves (manifesting as sensory deficit and neuralgia) and auditory and cochlear nerves (manifesting as vertigo) is far less common, obscuring the diagnosis of sarcoidosis.
This part of the brain, tucked under the cerebral hemispheres, is where many of the cranial nerves originate, including the trigeminal nerves, which are the source of sensation to the face.
Mandibular referred pain associated with the chest pain may be due to the close relationship between the origins of the phrenic and trigeminal nerves within the medulla.
Among otologists, Jack Pulec was always acknowledged as an innovator, whether he was injecting eustachian tubes with Teflon, sectioning trigeminal nerves, or reconsidering surgery of the facial nerve.

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