trismus


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tris·mus

 (trĭz′məs)
n.

[New Latin, from Greek trismos, a grinding, variant of trigmos, a scream.]

tris′mic (-mĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

trismus

(ˈtrɪzməs)
n
(Pathology) pathol the state or condition of being unable to open the mouth because of sustained contractions of the jaw muscles, caused by a form of tetanus. Nontechnical name: lockjaw
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek trismos a grinding]
ˈtrismic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tris•mus

(ˈtrɪz məs, ˈtrɪs-)

n., pl. -mus•es.
1. a spasm of the jaw muscles that makes it difficult to open the mouth.
[1685–95; < New Latin < Greek trismós a grinding]
tris′mic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw musclestrismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles  
cramp, muscle spasm, spasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

tris·mus

Gr. trismus, espasmo de los músculos de la masticación debido a una condición patológica.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

trismus

n trismo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bounded anteriorly by the last erupted molar, posteriorly by the ramus of the mandible, superiorly by the maxillary tuberosity, and inferiorly by the retromolar trigone, the retromolar space has been used for flexible fiberoptic oral intubation in patients with severe trismus in whom the reduced interincisor distance does not allow for placement of a rigid laryngoscope or a tracheal tube between the teeth [6].
Trismus has been described as a motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve with restricted maximal mouth opening (MMO), characteristic of tetanus [1].
46yrs/M Pain, trismus, & swelling in mandibular left posterior region Chauhan 33 yrs/M Pain & swelling in lower right back region Dinakar et al.
Clinically the patient showed swelling and trismus, tenderness at the mandibular angle, palpation bilaterally, and posttraumatic malocclusion (left posterior precontact).
Intraoral examination showed limited jaw opening--II degree trismus and halitosis (fetor ex ore).
Of the 128 patients with an extra-temporal tumor, 107 (84%) complained of facial or ear pain and 41 presented with trismus (32%).
A Dalmatian cross dog was presented with history of trismus i.e.
[1] The clinical features of OSMF includes progressive inability to open the mouth (Trismus) due to oral fibrosis and scarring, pain and burning sensation upon consumption of spicy food stuffs, increased salivation, change of gustatory sensation, hearing loss due to stenosis of the eustachian tubes, dryness of the mouth, nasal tone to the voice, dysphagia (if esophagus is involved).
Complications related to IANB injection include transient facial paralysis, trismus, local anaesthetic injected into blood vessel, self-inflicted trauma, damage to sphenomandibular ligament and pterygomandibular space infection.
functional disabilities--impaired ability to eat, speak, and swallow because of mucositis, xerostomia, trismus, or infection
Treatment depends on the cause of trismus. If it occurs suddenly, it usually settles after a week on its own.