triumvir


Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

tri·um·vir

 (trī-ŭm′vər)
n. pl. tri·um·virs or tri·um·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of three men sharing public administration or civil authority in ancient Rome.
2. One of three people sharing public administration or civil authority.

[Middle English, from Latin, back-formation from triumvirī, board of three, from trium virum, of three men : trium, genitive pl. of trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + virum, archaic genitive pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

tri·um′vi·ral adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

triumvir

(traɪˈʌmvə)
n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
(Historical Terms) (esp in ancient Rome) a member of a triumvirate
[C16: from Latin: one of three administrators, from trium virōrum of three men, from trēs three + vir man]
triˈumviral adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

tri•um•vir

(traɪˈʌm vər)

n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. one of three officers or magistrates of ancient Rome jointly exercising the same public function.
2. one of three persons associated in any office or position of authority.
[1570–80; < Latin, back formation from trium virōrum of three men]
tri•um′vi•ral, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.triumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rometriumvir - one of a group of three sharing public administration or civil authority especially in ancient Rome
administrator, executive - someone who manages a government agency or department
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

triumvir

n (Hist) → Triumvir m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Shakespeare's Rome focuses on just two of the three plays that Cantor examines in his later work: Coriolanus, a tale of an outstanding warrior who in a fit of pique defects from Rome to fight for its enemy city when he cannot accommodate himself to the demands of the people; and Antony and Cleopatra, the great love story between the Roman triumvir and the Egyptian queen that also depicts the moment of transition to empire when Octavius defeats in battle Antony, his former colleague in rule, to become Rome's first emperor.
(55) The following year Mas'ud fought and won a pitched battle against the last triumvir, Buz Aba; it was at least in part as a warning message to the caliph that the sultan had the rebel's head sent to Baghdad and hung from the gate of Dar al-Khilafa specifically.
Cleopatra Selene II was an Egyptian Greek Ptolemaic princess, the daughter of the Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.
The most memorable parts include Brutus's wedding ceremony in front of a huge image of the Colosseum where Brutus, in extravagant clothing, dances with Portia, and we see Octavius's celebration parade signifying the impending power struggle between the new triumvir and Mark Antony.
222, Native Location, Bethlehem'--he also signed off those same letters with assertions of his national stature: 'Isaiah Moteka, Deputy Overseer Chief Triumvir in Christian Catholic Apostolic Church in Zion Throughout South Africa.' (35) Moreover, in signing off from his correspondence, he flamboyantly folded local nomenclature into transatlantic stature:
(10.) Impossible en effet, vu le nombre d'elements du contexte narratif (et ce, malgre quelques inexactitudes), de ne pas deceler de lien entre le prenom de l'editeur et celui du triumvir Marcus Antonius, cousin de Julius Caesar.
(JC 2.2.60-64) This means that his social role changes from a public figure as a triumvir to an individual (Nakayasu 2009: 227).
Augustus was the ultimate consul and triumvir, and here in the second edition he stands out as a natural fit for the role of emperor.
Commissions were granted to those who had "power and friendship" as explicitly called for in the appointment of the first earl of Buccleuch as triumvir, one of three judicial commissioners in the Borders in 1622.