All participants stated that the shape of the capitulum and/or trochlea
was an important feature for comparison.
The mnemonic "CRITOE" (Capitellum, Radial head, Internal (medial) epicondyle, Trochlea
, Olecranon and External (lateral) epicondyle) can help diagnose certain fractures, particularly those where an ossification center 'appears' out of the expected order.
After evaluating the stability of cartilage surfaces of lateral condyl, trochlea
and patella, and anterior collateral ligament, the indication was also confirmed intraoperatively.
The chronological order of appearance of the elbow ossification centers follows this rule: capitellum, radial head, medial epicondyle, trochlea
, olecranon, and lateral epicondyle.
The trochlear depth was the distance from the line connecting the most anterior parts of the medial and lateral femoral trochlea
and the deepest trochlear point.
A total of six articular surfaces were evaluated, including those of the patella, trochlea
, lateral femoral condyle, medial femoral condyle, lateral tibial plateau, and medial tibial plateau.
In these cases, fusion of secondary centers of ossification including the femoral head, femoral condyle, iliac crest, medial clavicle, distal humerus (lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, and trochlea
), and humeral head were recorded as fully fused, in the process of fusing, or not fused.
In this prospective study, six cartilage sites of the knee joint (patella, trochlea
, medial and lateral femoral condyles, and medial and lateral tibial plateaus) were evaluated in terms of routine MRI, FS 3D_ WATSc/T1A MRI sequence, or cartilage damage by arthroscopy, the reference diagnosis method.
The anatomy of the femoral trochlea
is of vital importance for the stability of the patellofemoral joint.
Combined shear fractures of the trochlea
and capitellum associated with the anterior fracture-dislocation of the elbow.
Vascularized osteochondral graft from the medial femoral trochlea
: anatomical study and clinical perspectives.
Favorable factors for ACI success are patients who are younger, have higher preoperative symptom scores, have a single lesion on the trochlea
or lateral femoral condyle, and had less than 2 previous procedures on the knee .