trochlear


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Related to trochlear: trigeminal, hypoglossal, abducens

troch·le·ar

 (trŏk′lē-ər)
adj.
1. Of, resembling, or situated near a trochlea.
2. Of or relating to the trochlear nerve.

troch•le•ar

(ˈtrɒk li ər)

adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or connected with a trochlea.
2. (of a body part or function) pulleylike.
3. (of a plant part) circular and contracted in the middle so as to resemble a pulley.
n.
4. Also, troch′lear nerve`. either one of the fourth pair of cranial nerves, consisting of motor fibers that innervate certain eye muscles.
[1675–85]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.trochlear - either of the two cranial nerves on either side that control the superior oblique muscles of the eyestrochlear - either of the two cranial nerves on either side that control the superior oblique muscles of the eyes
cranial nerve - any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem
References in periodicals archive ?
The Femur Should Have A Deep Sulcus Trochlear Groove With 7Oq Angle With Multi Radius Design To Support Smoother Anatomical Superior Femoral Roll Back With Close Box Design, 7.
Double vision (diplopia) related to ophthalmo-paresis or disordered eye movement occurs when cranial oculomotor (III), trochlear (IV), and abducens (VI) nerves are damaged by granulomatous inflammation.
The proximal articular surfaces of all phalanges are concave, and the distal articular surfaces are trochlear, except for the forth phalanx, which is claw shaped and covered by a horny claw.
Patient 4, who had isolated trochlear nerve paralysis, is the fifth case reported in the English literature.
Orbital apex syndrome (OAS) has been described as a syndrome involving damage to the oculomotor nerve (CN3), trochlear nerve (CN4), ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN5) and abducens nerve (CN6) in association with optic nerve dysfunction.
The orbital region has seven pairs of foramina, two on dorsal position: one for the trochlear nerve and another for the oculomotor nerve; two on median position: one for the orbitonasal channel and another for the optic nerve; and two in ventral position: one for the interorbital vein and another for the efferent artery.
The tentorium posterior incisura region can expose the supratentorial part of the trochlear nerve.
Isolated cranial nerve palsies affecting the trochlear nerve (9) and the facial nerve (10) also have been reported.
Also, the trochlear groove and its shape can be assessed by a tangential view of the flexed stifle.
Patellar dislocation is a complete displacement of the patella from the trochlear groove of the femur.
The femorotibial joint is an imperfect trochlear joint, resulting from the contact between the femur's lower extremity and the tibia's upper extremity.
5] suggested the role of varus stress with axial loading in isolated trochlear fracture.