(3) Modification of the description of actions by adding an adverb, e.g., "walks cautiously," by using a troponym, e.g., "creeps," or with a phrase like "smiling in relief." The particular choice of adverb, troponym, or abstract noun will lead to a different positioning on the thought-action continuum.
As an alternative to modifying "looks" with an adverb, audio describers working in some languages, such as English, have a variety of troponyms at their disposal with which they can specify a particular manner of looking, and in so doing give more insight into characters' mental states, e.g., "gazes" and "glares." We sourced a list of troponyms of "looks" from the online lexical database (Fellbaum) to see how frequently these words occurred in descriptions A and B (see Table 1); their concordances were inspected to check that they were being used in the sense of a troponym of "looks."
(3) In addition to synonymy, antonym, hypernym, hyponym, meronym, holonym of nouns, and synonymy, antonym, hypernym, troponym
, entailment of verbs, correlation between words is a useful reference in query expansion.
* Arabic Relation rules: include 23 relations types between the synsets: hypernymy, hyponymy, antonym, cause, derived, derived related from, entails, member meronym, part meronym, subset meronym, attribute between adjective and noun, participle, pertainym, see also, similar, troponym
, instance holonym, subset holonym, part holonym, instance hyponym, disharmonies, class member and verb group .
In the fear fueled aftermath of September 11, 2001, the troponym
9/11 dictates the fear-filled religious response.
Both notions are extremely difficult to tell apart; a troponym
is not the same as a taxonym.
(26) Under the FLM analysis proposed in Faber & Mairal (1999: 192), think would be a near-synonym of consider and could thus be regarded as a troponym
of believe as a superordinate term in the lexical domain of cognition.
Each domain or subdomain has a superordinate term, the genus, by means of which its troponyms
are directly or indirectly defined.