i soiuzniki Rossii po Antante, 1907-1917 [The Last Decade of the Russian Empire.
during the late imperial period sought to integrate Siberia into the all-Russian order and focused above all on establishing mechanisms of control that had already been tested at the center.
After an introduction to the end of tsarism
, material is organized in sections on the Russian economy, the land and population in crisis, and continuity and upheaval in Russia's social classes.
The national liberation uprising of 1916, the February and October revolutions, the creation of the Alash party and the government of Alashord, the Provisional Government, gave impetus to the liberation struggle against tsarism
and Russian colonial policy.
Due to the February Revolution of 1917 and the fall of Tsarism
, there was a rise of nationalism in the territories that belonged to the Russian Empire.
(3) Part of the autocracy of tsarism
was the rather long titles of the Emperors.
Central Asian states have their own unique form of stateness, comprising the legacies of the khans, the shahs, warlordism, Tsarism
, the Soviet Union, and post-communism.
The adoption of a new set of ideas that turned out to be much more effective than Communism or Tsarism
They currently have the more pressing issue of dealing with a pretend democracy led by Vladimir Putin that is looking increasingly like a reincarnation of tsarism
. Russia 100 years on is expanding its territory, playing a central role in international affairs and interfering in other countries' affairs, but it is far from resolving some of social frictions that led to the October 1917 Revolution.
Synopsis: "Vladimir Burtsev and the Struggle for a Free Russia: A Revolutionary in the Time of Tsarism
and Bolshevism" by Robert Henderson (Honorary Research Associate at Queen Mary, University of London, UK, and the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters in the field of Russian history) presents the life of the journalist, historian and revolutionary, Vladimir Burtsev.
Thus, the prestige of the October Revolution stemmed from its capacity to keep Russian feudalism, tsarism
and capitalism in check.
How can Russia, he asks, "resolve the Eastern Question when it cannot with a clean conscience raise a banner to national, civil, and religious independence and free development for all the peoples of the Christian East?" "Tsarism
must remain in Russia as an unchangeable fact," he argues, "but Russia cannot live tranquilly and flourish while infringing the moral demands of national, civil, and religious freedom which its official patriots laid claim to before Turkey and Austria." He concludes the article with perennially resonant words.