tuberculoid leprosy


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Noun1.tuberculoid leprosy - leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
Hansen's disease, leprosy - chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
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Males Females Total Leprosy type n % n % n % TT 10 4.5 2 0.9 12 5.4 BT 38 17.3 9 4.1 47 21.4 BB 6 2.7 3 1.4 9 4.1 BL 48 1.8 36 16.4 84 38.2 LL 40 18.2 22 10.0 62 28.2 Other 6 2.7 0 0.0 6 2.7 Total 148 67.3 72 32.7 220 100.0 TT = tuberculoid leprosy, BT = borderline tuberculoid, BB = mid-borderline, Table 3 | Distribution of patients by residence and type of leprosy.
Indian Association of Leprologists (IAL) general meeting at Agra in 1981 classified leprosy into five groups (Box 12).15 This was a modification of previous Indian classification in which the maculoanesthetic leprosy was merged with tuberculoid leprosy.
Its clinical spectrum ranges from tuberculoid leprosy through borderline forms to lepromatous leprosy of the Ridley-Jopling classification [4].
Of these, 13 presented indeterminate leprosy (IL), 15 presented tuberculoid leprosy (TT), and 15 presented lepromatous leprosy (LL).
Borderline tuberculoid leprosy in a woman from the state of Georgia with armadillo exposure.
[2,3] An autoimmune model of tuberculoid leprosy has been developed, using peripheral nerve as antigen.
Of the 21 paucibacillary cases, 10 (18%) were tuberculoid leprosy (TT) and 11 (20%) were borderline tuberculoid leprosy (BT).
Lesions in tuberculoid leprosy are usually scanty and symmetrical with smooth borders and have hypoaesthesia [3].
Of the 11 cases of leprosy, 7 cases (63.63%) were of lepromatous leprosy, 2 cases each were of histoid leprosy, and tuberculoid leprosy. In this study, two cases of dermatitis herpetiformis, three cases of Hailey Hailey disease, one case of Darriere's disease were reported, and four cases (4%) were diagnosed as bullous pemphigoid and the lesions had no sex difference.
We cannots use slit skin smears to diagnose clinical case of tuberculoid leprosy i.e paucibacillary leprosy.
Borderline tuberculoid leprosy was the most frequent morphologic type, seen in 56.3 per cent followed by borderlineborderline ( 1.5 per cent), borderline lepromatous ( 24.9 per cent), lepromatous leprosy ( 8.1 per cent), pure neuritic ( 8.1 per cent), histoid and indeterminate leprosy ( 0.5 per cent each).
Liver involvement in leprosy is often subclinical, yet more than 60% of patients with lepromatous leprosy have hepatic involvement, and approximately 20% of patients with tuberculoid leprosy do as well.