* RED ELDERBERRY (Sambucus racemosa)--Eastern bluebird, Northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, red-bellied wood pecker, tufted titmouse
is monotypic (Grubb and Pravasudov, 2008), whereas the Black-crested Titmouse has several weakly marked subspecies (Patten and Smith- Patten, 2008).
All six species, Blackcapped Chickadee (N = 83, [X.sup.2] = 166.4, df = 3, P < 0.001), Tufted Titmouse
(Baeolophus bicolor, N = 38, [X.sup.2] = 45.7, P < 0.001), White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis, N = 48, [X.sup.2] = 11.6, P = 0.009), House Finch (N = 106, [X.sup.2] = 19.4, P < 0.001), American Goldfinch (N = 96, [X.sup.2] = 35.8, P < 0.001), and House Sparrow (N = 49, [X.sup.2] = 62.1, P < 0.001), had differences in the frequency of visits to a seed variety after adjusting to the seed variety being in a new position (Table 1, see Fig.
Of the several gray birds pictured, only one had her visitor's little crest--the tufted titmouse
In contrast, 7 species (Scarlet Tanager, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Tufted Titmouse
, White-breasted Nuthatch, Downy Woodpecker, Northern Cardinal, Hooded Warbler) were at least 1 standard deviation below their historical mean.
Four species had >150 visits during the study: the blue jay, the blacked-capped chickadee, the tufted titmouse
, and the house sparrow.
Alternatively, frequent prescribed burning, timber harvest, and hardwood reduction may negatively impact some species, including tufted titmouse
(Baeolophus bicolor) (9), ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus), red-eyed vireo (10), and black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia; 5).
Some examples are the eastern fence lizard, copperhead, fox squirrel, eastern woodrat, tufted titmouse
, and Carolina wren.
The Phases of the Tufted Titmouse
Moon and the Snowdrop Moon
Stunning photographs show scenes featuring a Northern Cardinal, slate-colored Dark-eyed Junco, a Red Breasted Nuthatch, Tufted Titmouse
, White Breasted Nuthatch, Black-capped Chickadee, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Wild Turkey, and finally, the mystery visitor, a doe deer!
The seven species were ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus; OVEN), red-eyed vireo (Vireo olivaceus; REVI), hooded warbler (Wilsonia citrina; HOWA), blue-gray gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea; BGGN), tufted titmouse
(Baeohrphus bicolor; TUTI), indigo bunting (Passerina cyanea; INBU), and prairie warbler (Dendroica discolor, PRAW), and represented a continuum from mature forest species to early successional species.