tympanum

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Related to tympanums: tympana, Transepts

tym·pa·num

also tim·pa·num (tĭm′pə-nəm)
n. pl. tym·pa·na (-nə) or tym·pa·nums also tim·pa·na or tim·pa·nums
1.
a. Anatomy See middle ear.
b. See eardrum.
2. Zoology A membranous external auditory structure, as in certain insects.
3. Architecture
a. The ornamental recessed space or panel enclosed by the cornices of a triangular pediment.
b. A similar space between an arch and the lintel of a portal or window.
4. The diaphragm of a telephone.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, drum, from Greek tumpanon.]

tympanum

(ˈtɪmpənəm)
n, pl -nums or -na (-nə)
1. (Anatomy) anatomy
a. the cavity of the middle ear
b. another name for tympanic membrane
2. (Zoology) any diaphragm resembling that in the middle ear in function
3. (Architecture) architect
a. the recessed space bounded by the cornices of a pediment, esp one that is triangular in shape and ornamented
b. the recessed space bounded by an arch and the lintel of a doorway or window below it
4. (Instruments) music a tympan or drum
5. (Mechanical Engineering) a scoop wheel for raising water
[C17: from Latin, from Greek tumpanon drum; related to Greek tuptein to beat]

tym•pa•num

(ˈtɪm pə nəm)

n., pl. -nums, -na (-nə).
2.
a. the recessed, usu. triangular space enclosed between the horizontal and sloping cornices of a pediment, often decorated with sculpture.
b. a similar space between an arch and the horizontal head of a door or window below.
3. (in certain insects) a drumlike vibrating structure in the body wall, functioning as a hearing organ.
4. the diaphragm of a telephone.
5. a drum or similar instrument.
[1610–20; < Latin < Greek týmpanon drum, akin to týptein to beat, strike]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tympanum - the main cavity of the eartympanum - the main cavity of the ear; between the eardrum and the inner ear
bonelet, ossicle, ossiculum - a small bone; especially one in the middle ear
auditory apparatus - all of the components of the organ of hearing including the outer and middle and inner ears
bodily cavity, cavum, cavity - (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body
auditory tube, Eustachian tube - either of the paired tubes connecting the middle ears to the nasopharynx; equalizes air pressure on the two sides of the eardrum
malleus, hammer - the ossicle attached to the eardrum
incus, anvil - the ossicle between the malleus and the stapes
stapes, stirrup - the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea
2.tympanum - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to soundtympanum - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
ear - the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium
perforated eardrum - an eardrum with a hole or tear in it; can interfere with normal hearing and cause other ear problems
umbo - a slight rounded elevation where the malleus attaches to the eardrum
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
3.tympanum - a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on ittympanum - a large hemispherical brass or copper percussion instrument with a drumhead that can be tuned by adjusting the tension on it
percussion instrument, percussive instrument - a musical instrument in which the sound is produced by one object striking another
Translations
tympaanitympanon

tympanum

[ˈtɪmpənəm] N (tympanums, tympana (pl)) (Anat, Archit) → tímpano m

tympanum

n (Anat: = membrane) → Trommelfell nt, → Tympanum nt (spec); (= middle ear)Mittelohr nt; (Archit) → Tympanon nt

tympanum

[ˈtɪmpənəm] n (Anat, Archit) → timpano

tym·pa·num

n. tímpano, oído medio.
References in classic literature ?
I observed a few the handles of which were mysteriously curved, as if intended to be introduced into the orifice of the ear, with a view perhaps of beating the tattoo upon the tympanum.
If I hear the conductor calling 'all aboard' as I enter the depot, my heart first stops, then palpitates, and my legs respond to the air-waves falling on my tympanum by quickening their movements.
To avoid this, the high reliefs were encapsulated into reinforced iron fittings attached to the tympanums of each pediment so that they could hang safely over the cornices.