vaccine

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vac·cine

 (văk-sēn′, văk′sēn′)
n.
1.
a. A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus, or of a portion of the pathogen's structure, that is administered to prevent or treat infection by the pathogen and that functions by stimulating the production of an immune response.
b. A preparation from the cowpox virus that protects against smallpox when administered to an individual.
2. Computers A software program designed to detect and stop the progress of computer viruses.

[From Latin vaccīnus, of cows, from vacca, cow.]

vaccine

(ˈvæksiːn)
n
1. (Medicine) a suspension of dead, attenuated, or otherwise modified microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, or rickettsiae) for inoculation to produce immunity to a disease by stimulating the production of antibodies
2. (Medicine) (originally) a preparation of the virus of cowpox taken from infected cows and inoculated in humans to produce immunity to smallpox
3. (Medicine) (modifier) of or relating to vaccination or vaccinia
4. (Computer Science) computing a piece of software designed to detect and remove computer viruses from a system
[C18: from New Latin variolae vaccīnae cowpox, title of medical treatise (1798) by Edward Jenner, from Latin vacca a cow]

vac•cine

(vækˈsin; esp. Brit. ˈvæk sin)

n.
1. any preparation of weakened or killed bacteria or viruses introduced into the body to prevent a disease by stimulating antibodies against it.
2. the virus of cowpox, used in vaccination, obtained from pox vesicles of a cow or person.
3. a software program that helps to protect against computer viruses.
[1800–05; < New Latin (variolae)vaccīnae cowpox =vacc(a) cow + -īnae, feminine pl. of -īnus -ine1]

vac·cine

(văk-sēn′)
A substance that stimulates cells in the immune system to recognize and attack disease-causing agents, especially through the production of antibodies. Most vaccines are given by injection or are swallowed as liquids. Vaccines may contain a weaker form of the disease-causing virus or bacterium or even a DNA fragment or some other component of the agent. See Note at Jenner.
Did You Know? In the 1950s, polio epidemics left thousands of children with permanent physical disabilities. Today, kids are given a polio vaccine to keep them from catching the virus. That vaccine, like most others, works by stimulating the body's immune system to produce antibodies—substances that defend the body against infection by recognizing and destroying disease-causing agents like viruses and bacteria. Scientists usually prepare vaccines by taking a sample of the disease-causing agent and weakening it with heat or chemicals. That way, the agent loses its ability to cause serious illness but is still able to stimulate the body to produce antibodies and provide immunity. But finding safe vaccines that are also effective is a challenge. Today, scientists are able to change the structure of viruses and bacteria at the level of their DNA. They remove the most harmful fragments of DNA and then use what is left in vaccines. New vaccines containing harmless bits of DNA from disease-causing germs have also been developed—all to make diseases like polio a thing of the past.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vaccine - immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodiesvaccine - immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
DPT vaccine - abbreviation for combination vaccine against diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus toxoids; usually given in a series of injections in early childhood
immunizing agent, immunogen - any substance or organism that provokes an immune response (produces immunity) when introduced into the body
pneumococcal vaccine, Pneumovax - vaccine (trade name Pneumovax) effective against the 23 most common strains of pneumococcus
poliovirus vaccine - vaccine prepared from poliovirus to provide immunity to poliomyelitis
proteosome, proteosome vaccine - a form of vaccine that can be administered by an inhaler

vaccine

noun inoculation, injection, immunization Anti-malarial vaccines are now undergoing trials.
Translations
لُقاح، طُعْم
očkovací látkavakcína
vaccine
oltóanyag
bóluefni
ワクチン疫苗
vakcina
vakcīna
očkovacia látka
vaccin

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] Nvacuna f

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] nvaccin m
the rabies vaccine → le vaccin contre la rage

vaccine

nImpfstoff m, → Vakzine f (spec)

vaccine

[ˈvæksiːn] nvaccino
polio vaccine → vaccino antipolio

vaccine

(ˈvӕksiːn) noun
a substance made from the germs that cause a particular disease, especially smallpox, and given to a person or animal to prevent him from catching that disease.
ˈvaccinate (-ksi-) verb
to protect (a person etc) against a disease by putting vaccine into his blood. Has your child been vaccinated against smallpox?
ˌvacciˈnation (-ksi-) noun
(an) act of vaccinating or process of being vaccinated. I'm to have a vaccination tomorrow; Vaccination was introduced in the eighteenth century.

vac·cine

n. vacuna, preparación de microorganismos atenuados o muertos que se introduce en el cuerpo para establecer una inmunidad en contra de la enfermedad específica causada por dichos microorganismos;
BCG ______ del bacilo Calmette-Guérin, contra la tuberculosis;
chickenpox ______ contra la varicela;
DTP (diptheria, tetanus, pertussis) ______ triple contra la difteria, tétano y pertusis (tos ferina);
hepatitis A ______ contra la hepatitis A;
hepatitis B ______ contra la hepatitis B;
influenza ______ contra la influenza;
measles virus, inactivated ______ antisarampión, inactivada;
measles virus, live attenuated ______ antisarampión de virus vivo, atenuada;
pneumococcal polyvalent ______ antineumocócica polivalente;
pneumovax ______ neumocócica polisacárida;
poliovirus, live oral trivalent ______ antipolio trivalente o de Sabin;
rabies ______ antirrábica;
Salk's antipoliomyelitis ______ antipoliomielítica de Salk;
smallpox ______ antivariolosa, antivariólica;
tetanus ______ contra el tétano;
typhus ______ antitífica;
typhoid ______ contra la tifoidea;
___ reactionreacción a la ___.

vaccine

n vacuna; attenuated — vacuna atenuada; BCG — vacuna BCG; conjugated — vacuna conjugada; diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP) — vacuna contra (la) difteria, (el) tétanos y (la) tos ferina, vacuna DTP; flu — vacuna antigripal (form), vacuna contra la influenza or gripe; Haemophilus influenzae type b — vacuna contra (el) Haemophilus influenzae tipo b; hepatitis B — vacuna contra la hepatitis B; inactivated — vacuna inactivada; influenza — V. flu — arriba; live — vacuna viva; meningococcal — vacuna meningocócica, vacuna contra la meningitis meningocócica; measles,mumps, and rubella (MMR) — vacuna triple viral; vacuna contra el sarampión, las paperas y la rubéola; oral polio — vacuna antipoliomielítica oral, vacuna oral contra la polio; pneumococcal — vacuna neumocócica, vacuna contra la neumonía; rabies — vacuna contra la rabia; Sabin — vacuna Sabin; Salk — vacuna Salk; smallpox — vacuna contra la viruela; tetanusdiphtheria (Td) — vacuna contra (el) tétanos y (la) difteria, vacuna Td; tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) — vacuna contra (la) difteria, (el) tétanos y (la) tos ferina (DTP), vacuna contra el tétanos, la difteria y la tos ferina (Ang), vacuna Tdap (Ang) (el componente contra la tos ferina siendo acelular en las traducciones antecedentes); varicella — vacuna contra la varicela
References in periodicals archive ?
Trimethoprim + Sulfamethoxazole (Injection 800mg + 160mg), Chloramphenicol (Tablets / Capsules 250mg), Ivermectin (Tablets 3mg and 6mg), Amphotericin (Injection 50mg), (Long acting) Benzathine penicillin (Injection 0.1MIU, 0.6MIU, 1.2MIU, 0.05MIU), Parenteral fosfomycin (Injection 1gram).Rabies immunoglobulin (Injection 150IU/ml, 200IU/ml), Primaquine (Tablets 7.5mg), Voriconazole (Tablets 40mg, 200mg), Typhoid vaccine (Injection 1000 mil/ml, 25 mcg/0.5ml, 500 mil/0.5ml), Injection Hydralazine (20mg), Rabies Vaccine (Injection 2.5IU/ml, 200IU/ml).
Where the TCV is licensed, it recommends TCV as the preferred typhoid vaccine. Typhoid vaccination should be implemented in combination with other efforts to control the disease.
The provincial government is taking several measures for provision of clean water to the people but there is need to a lot more' .When asked about the measures being taken by the department to fight against Typhoid, Dr Azra informed that 'Polysaccharide' vaccination was done through child survival program to the eligible children as well as conjugate Typhoid vaccine campaign was being carried out in affected areas of district Hyderabad through collaboration with Aga Khan University Hospital.
Mass immunization with oral live attenuated Typhi 21a or injectable unconjugated Vi typhoid vaccine, rational use of antibiotics, improvement in public sanitation facilities, availability of clean drinking water, promotion of safe food handling practices and public health education are vital in the prevention of MDR enteric fever.
It added typhoid vaccine is available in Pakistan and people should also administer typhoid vaccine after consultation with doctor.
He said those traveling to Asia, Africa and Latin America are also advised to take the typhoid vaccine, which protects them against the virus that is caught be drinking unclean water.
Upon the closing of the transaction, Emergent will acquire Vivotif (Typhoid Vaccine Live Oral Ty21a), the only oral vaccine licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of typhoid fever, a potentially severe and life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium S.
She is leading a typhoid vaccine acceleration program, funded by the Gates Foundation, to ensure that children in Africa and Asia are protected.
It is part of the Typhoid Vaccine Acceleration Consortium (TyVAC) which is part of a push to conduct impact studies of Typbar-TCV.
My PCP called in several of the relevant vaccines to my local pharmacy, who informed me that typhoid vaccine is not covered by my health insurance.
Kenya can now order for a new typhoid vaccine, which the World Health Organisation has approved.
India's UIP started with providing protection against six vaccine-preventable diseases; with the introduction of PCV, Rubella, and Typhoid vaccine it will now offer protection to our children against 14 diseases (Tuberculosis, Polio, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, Measles, Rubella, Haemophilus influenzae B (HiB), Rotavirus diarrhea, Typhoid, Japanese encephalitis [in endemic states], Rubella and Pneumococcal disease).[8] The immunization coverage report by WHO/UNICEF (2015), shows that out of 649 districts, 68% had ≥80% coverage for Hib/DPT/Hep-B-3 vaccine, whereas of 638 districts only 38% had ≥90% coverage of MCV1.[5] Although the vaccine-preventable diseases covered under UIP have doubled, yet the immunization coverage at 9 months (i.e.