(7) Not long after the establishment of democracy, the Athenians placed in the agora a statue by the sculptor Antenor of Harmodios and Aristogeiton, the "tyrannicides
" who had slain Hipparchos in 514, and instituted a civic cult in which the pair were worshipped as "heroes." It was presumably around the same time that the aristocratic skolion ("drinking song") must have been composed, which is quoted or alluded to in several versions in ancient and medieval texts from Aristophanes to the Suda: "[phrase omitted] (I will carry my sword in a branch of myrtle / just like Harmodios and Aristogeiton / when the two killed the tyrant / and made Athens (a place where citizens are) equal under the law).
Alexander is said to have repatriated to Athens cherished, iconic statuary that Xerxes's army had plundered during the Persian invasions of Greece in 480/479 BCE.13 * The statues were a pair, probably marble, representing the Tyrannicides
Harmodios and Aristogeiton, the men who killed the Peisistratid tyrant Hipparchos, thus making way for the establishment of Athenian democracy.
Among the topics are the status legales in Senecan controversiae, nature and natural law in Roman declamation, torture as evidence in ancient rhetoric and Roman law, tyrants and tyrannicides
between literary creation and contemporary reality in Greek declamation, and Demosthenes' moral and legal arguments in Libanius' declamations.
The preeminent value that ancient Greek civilization passed down through the ages, Democracy, is expressed by the sculptural group of the Tyrannicides
, the first monument of political character to be erected in a public space in Europe, and which justly occupies a central position in the Athens exhibition as the absolute symbol of the struggle against tyranny.
(49.) Leipsydrion: 664-70; tyranny; 616-9; tyrannicides
: 630-5; Sparta: 620,628; Artemisia: 675; Amazons: 678-9.
From the poise of the kouros to the headlong rush of the Tyrannicides
is a natural evolution." (7) The dynamic postures of the Classical period were, indeed, amplified.
L'expression libertas publica est typique des controverses mettant en scene des tyrannicides
Thus, a famous statue group (the Tyrannicides
), which occupied a prominent position in the Agora of Athens and that commemorated those who attempted to put an end to the current regime, becomes associated ideologically with defense of the state.
The Marquis de Bry offered to organize a force he called The Tyrannicides
: freedom fighters dispatched to foreign capitals to assassinate heads of state, or anyone else the Committee might stipulate.
Ridgway (1997, 265) questions the attribution, pointing out that it largely depends upon Pliny (HN 34.70), who assigns the statue to Praxiteles immediately after attributing to him the Late Archaic Tyrannicides
Group (certainly by Antenor).