tyrosine


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ty·ro·sine

 (tī′rə-sēn′)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C9H11NO3, that is produced in the body from phenylalanine and is a precursor of melanin and of several neurotransmitters and hormones, such as epinephrine and thyroxine.

[Greek tūros, cheese; see teuə- in Indo-European roots + -ine.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

tyrosine

(ˈtaɪrəˌsiːn; -sɪn; ˈtɪrə-)
n
(Biochemistry) an aromatic nonessential amino acid; a component of proteins. It is a metabolic precursor of thyroxine, the pigment melanin, and other biologically important compounds
[C19: from Greek turos cheese + -ine2]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ty•ro•sine

(ˈtaɪ rəˌsin, -sɪn, ˈtɪr ə-)

n.
a crystalline amino acid, HOC6H4CH2CH(NH2)COOH, abundant in ripe cheese, that acts as a precursor of norepinephrine and dopamine. Abbr.: Tyr ;Symbol: Y
[1855–60; < Greek tȳrós cheese + -ine2]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ty·ro·sine

(tī′rə-sēn′)
A nonessential amino acid. See more at amino acid.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tyrosine - an amino acid found in most proteins; a precursor of several hormones
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Tyrosin
tyrozyna

tyrosine

n tirosina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
NR2B Tyrosine Phosphorylation Was Increased in the Neurons of the TNC and Peaked at 24 to 48 Hours after the Last IS Stimulation in Chronic Migraine Rats.
This patient has tyrosinemia type I (TYR1) caused by deficiency of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase [EC.3.7.1.2], which catalyzes the hydrolysis of fumarylacetoacetate at the final step of tyrosine metabolism.
Cytokine at a level of 15 u g/ml was found optimal, as at this concentration Ck-R6 gave round-fluffy mycelial development required for a better dopa-dopamine activity of the culture and hence gave consistent L-dopa production from L- tyrosine as a synthetic carbon source.
The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current market landscape and the future outlook of kinase inhibitors not specifically targeting tyrosine kinases.
Hereditary Tyrosinemia Type 1 (TT1) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by the deficiency of the FAH enzyme in the tyrosine catabolic pathway, resulting in the elevation of tyrosine and its byproducts in the blood, CSF, and tissues.
We have also determined SASH1 does not normally have tyrosine phosphorylation in HeLa cells.
At the second day of fermentation, addition of L-tyrosine gave rise to severe drop in Rap titre (51.88 mg/L), which was lower than that in tyrosine free culture (82.87 mg/L).
Signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases; a subject collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology.
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a chronic myeloproliferative disease characterized by tyrosine kinase activity caused by translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 [1].
The levels of plasma glucose and insulin were measured, and the expression and activity of the protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and the tyrosine phosphorylation level of the insulin receptor (IR) 3-subunit in the livers and skeletal muscles of the T2DM rats were analyzed by immunoprecipitation and Western blotting methods.
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family consists of four members: EGFR/ErbB1/HER1, ErbB2/Neu/HER2, ErbB3/HER3, and ErbB4/HER4 which are transmembrane tyrosine kinases controlling cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration.
Most people with CML have a genetic mutation, called the Philadelphia chromosome, which causes the bone marrow to make an enzyme called tyrosine kinase.