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 (ŭl′trə-mŏn′tān′, -mŏn-tān′)
1. Of or relating to peoples or regions lying beyond the mountains, especially the Alps.
2. Roman Catholic Church
a. Supporting the authority of the papal court over national or diocesan authority.
b. Relating to or supporting the doctrine of papal supremacy.
1. One who lives beyond the mountains, especially south of the Alps.
2. often Ultramontane Roman Catholic Church One who advocates support of papal policy in ecclesiastical and political matters.

[Medieval Latin ultrāmontānus : Latin ultrā-, ultra- + Latin montānus, of mountains (from mōns, mont-, mountain; see men- in Indo-European roots).]


1. (Physical Geography) on the other side of the mountains, esp the Alps, from the speaker or writer. Compare cismontane
2. (Roman Catholic Church) of or relating to a movement in the Roman Catholic Church which favours the centralized authority and influence of the pope as opposed to local independence. Compare cisalpine2
3. (Peoples) a resident or native from beyond the mountains, esp the Alps
4. (Roman Catholic Church) a member of the ultramontane party of the Roman Catholic Church


(ˌʌl trə mɒnˈteɪn, -ˈmɒn teɪn)

1. beyond the mountains.
2. of or pertaining to the area south of the Alps, esp. to Italy.
3. pertaining to or advocating ultramontanism.
4. a person who lives beyond the mountains.
5. a person living south of the Alps.
6. a believer in ultramontanism.
[1585–95; < Medieval Latin]


- Means "beyond the mountains."
See also related terms for mountains.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ultramontane - a Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)ultramontane - a Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)
Roman Catholic - a member of the Roman Catholic Church
Adj.1.ultramontane - of or relating to ultramontanism
2.ultramontane - on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps)ultramontane - on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps); "ancient transalpine Gaul was an area northwest of the Alps and included modern France and Belgium"; "Cracow was a transalpine university"
tramontane, transmontane - on or coming from the other side of the mountains (from the speaker); "the transmontane section of the state"; "tramontane winds"
3.ultramontane - on the Italian or Roman side of the Alpsultramontane - on the Italian or Roman side of the Alps; "ancient cisalpine Gaul included an area south and east of the Alps"
cismontane - on this (the speaker's) side of the mountains; "a contest in Virginia between a cismontane and a tramontane people"
References in classic literature ?
Do you know what a Legitimist is, or an Ultramontane? Go into Madame de Cintre's drawing-room some afternoon, at five o'clock, and you will see the best preserved specimens.
He was seen at once rummaging with ardor in an old box, in which he found some brushes, a little gnawed by the rats, but still passable; some colors in bladders almost dried up; some linseed-oil in a bottle, and a palette which had formerly belonged to Bronzino, that dieu de la pittoure, as the ultramontane artist, in his ever young enthusiasm, always called him.
You do not know these ultramontane millionaires; they are regular misers.
The ultramontane Jules-Paul Tardivel lived the first seventeen years of his life in Kentucky and Ohio.
In Chapter 5, Jean-Francois Belisle and Nicole St-Onge offer a striking framework for understanding Louis Riel and the ultramontane Catholicism that so coloured his later life and writings.
Vatican I: The Council and the Making of the Ultramontane Church
(46) Both external events in Europe, such as the advancement of ultramontane Catholicism in its renewed sense of church militant and triumphant, or local events in British North America, such as Catholic school legislation, brought cries of "papal aggression" from some segments of the Protestant community.
John's in the 1860s, but there were more than enough Methodists and Anglicans to warrant concern, so it might well have been important for the ultramontane Bishop Mullock and his confreres to know their enemies.
Karly Kehoe also characterises the SVP as an organisation which 'helped to implement the wider ultramontane strategy of consolidation'.
And third, it was one of the first times that Rome was directly confronted with ultramontane feminism>>.
But because his views often, but not always, matched those promoted by Rome, Bailies leaned toward the "ultramontane" position (that is, the conviction that the French Church should obey Rome).
"Every occasion that arises for an ecclesiastical proceeding at Rome," Gladstone wrote to Forbes in 1867, "seems to be made use of as a preconcerted plan for the purpose of tightening every definition needed to complete that extreme theory of papal power." Ecumenical reunion, never much more than the dream of a "fanciful historical imagination," completely foundered on the ultramontane ambitions of the Catholic Church and the ultimate results of the Vatican Council (156-57).