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or Ul·tra·mon·ta·nism  (ŭl′trə-mŏn′tə-nĭz′əm)
n. Roman Catholic Church
The policy that absolute authority in the Church should be vested in the pope.

ul′tra·mon′ta·nist n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
With its cornerstone in the Vatican Collection, "Heavenly Bodies" almost inevitably has an ultramontanist cast.
Matthew Quinn of Bathurst, for example, an opponent of Vaughan in so many other ways, was a staunch supporter of this ultramontanist policy, declaring that the suffragans in New South Wales were all 'true sons of Rome'.
"Ultramontanist" tendencies in the Church, especially post-1870, emphasized hierarchical authority focused on a central apex or summit, inhibiting spontaneous institutional, associational and intellectual diversification.
Especially for the period before the Second Vatican Council (1962-65), the Society labored under the unsavory impression of being monolithically reactionary, antimodern, and ultramontanist.
Are we allowed to filter out or downplay, in concessive clauses, the overwhelmingly dominant majority of nationalist voices - conservative, reactionary, ultramontanist, nativist, united with the rest of the world only in a shared hatred of the British Empire?
The author also does a good job of showing at least two motivations for Maistre's pro-Jesuit sentiments: on the one hand, he saw the Jesuits as articulate international spokesmen for an Ultramontanist maximization of papal roles; on the other hand, he viewed the Jesuits as Pelagian in their theological anthropology, an anthropology with which he agreed.
It is tempting for those who support a strongly ultramontanist, principally universalist primacy to draw a straight line from Stephen I through Gregory VII, Innocent III, and Pius IX, ending in Benedict XVI, as if the condemnation of Hadrian I, the Great Western Schism, and the papacy of Alexander VI were merely distractions (at best) or detours (at worst) along the inevitable march to Vatican I.
Lamennais said in a work (10) published anonymously in Paris (1808) that the era that France crosses requires an awakening of the ultramontanist spirit and a religious revival.
With the tumultuous events of the French Revolution, response of certain European monarchies, and critical reaction of the papacy, the once silenced pro-Jesuit and ultramontanist contingent now found a new reactionary voice and gained supporters in fearful Catholic circles, leaving Spanish Jansenists in a precarious position, having to renew their fight to maintain dominance in the political arena over their previously defeated rivals.
Yet the scholars who have created and used these studies "continue to suggest that post-Famine Irish American religiosity was rooted in Ireland's devotional revolution," insisting that the centralized, hierarchical character of Irish American Catholicism must be seen as an extension of the ultramontanist tradition nurtured and embraced by financially stable, fiercely nationalistic farmers in nineteenth-century Ireland who did not leave their homeland (34).
While the ultramontanist, orthodox revivalists took no interest in Pascal because of his close association with gallican, heretical Jansenism, the 20th century Catholic writers rediscovered Pensees, now appreciated for its consistent focus on the individual's inner faith experience.