umbra

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umbra

um·bra

 (ŭm′brə)
n. pl. um·bras or um·brae (-brē)
1. A dark area, especially the blackest part of a shadow from which all light is cut off.
2. Astronomy
a. The completely dark central portion of the shadow cast by the earth, moon, or other body during an eclipse.
b. The darkest region of a sunspot.

[Latin, shadow.]

um′bral adj.

umbra

(ˈʌmbrə)
n, pl -brae (-briː) or -bras
1. (Astronomy) a region of complete shadow resulting from the total obstruction of light by an opaque object, esp the shadow cast by the moon onto the earth during a solar eclipse
2. (Astronomy) the darker inner region of a sunspot
[C16: from Latin: shade, shadow]
ˈumbral adj

um•bra

(ˈʌm brə)

n., pl. -bras, -brae (-brē).
1. shade; shadow.
2. the usual accompaniment or companion of a person or thing.
3. Astron.
a. the complete or perfect shadow of an opaque body, as a planet, where the direct light from the source of illumination is completely cut off.
b. the dark central portion of a sunspot.
4. a phantom or ghost.
[1590–1600; < Latin: shade, shadow]
um′bral, adj.

um·bra

(ŭm′brə)
1. The darkest part of a shadow, especially the completely dark portion of the shadow cast by Earth, the moon, or another body during an eclipse.
2. The darkest region of a sunspot. Compare penumbra.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.umbra - a region of complete shadow resulting from total obstruction of lightumbra - a region of complete shadow resulting from total obstruction of light
shadow - shade within clear boundaries

umbra

noun
Comparative darkness that results from the blocking of light rays:
Translations

umbra

n pl <-s or -e> (Astron: = shadow) → Kernschatten m; (in sunspot) → Umbra f
References in classic literature ?
On Mount Sainte-Geneviève a sort of Job of the Middle Ages, for the space of thirty years, chanted the seven penitential psalms on a dunghill at the bottom of a cistern, beginning anew when he had finished, singing loudest at night, magna voce per umbras , and to-day, the antiquary fancies that he hears his voice as he enters the Rue du Puits-qui-parle--the street of the "Speaking Well."
When her best friend, Shinyao, is abducted by Umbras, Ton realizes a hidden ability that she inherited from her great-grandmother, and becomes the leader of the group, aiming to achieve peace between humans and Umbras.
Surgamus: solet esse grauis cantantibus umbra, iuniperi grauis umbra; nocent et frugibus umbrae.
With tens of thousands of archival and manuscript materials that document the history of African descendant literature and culture--correspondence, pamphlets, screenplays, newspaper clippings, photographs, sheet music, ephemera, including the Penumbra Theatre Company Archives--the Givens Collection is an invaluable community and scholarly resource, and is a key foundation of Umbra Search with the Digital Public Library of America corpus providing over half of the content found in Umbra Search.
The notion of an enlarged umbra should not be new to seasoned Sky & Telescope readers.