umlaut(redirected from umlauts)
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a. A change in a vowel sound caused by partial assimilation especially to a vowel or semivowel occurring in the following syllable.
b. A vowel sound changed in this manner. Also called vowel mutation.
2. The diacritic mark (¨) placed over a vowel to indicate an umlaut, especially in German.
tr.v. um·laut·ed, um·laut·ing, um·lauts
1. To modify by umlaut.
2. To write or print (a vowel) with an umlaut.
[German : um-, around, alteration (from Middle High German umb-, from umbe, from Old High German umbi; see ambhi in Indo-European roots) + Laut, sound (from Middle High German lūt, from Old High German hlūt; see kleu- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Phonetics & Phonology) the mark (¨) placed over a vowel in some languages, such as German, indicating modification in the quality of the vowel. Compare diaeresis
2. (Phonetics & Phonology) (esp in Germanic languages) the change of a vowel within a word brought about by the assimilating influence of a vowel or semivowel in a preceding or following syllable
[C19: German, from um around (in the sense of changing places) + Laut sound]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. a mark (¨) used as a diacritic over a vowel, as ä, ö, ü, to indicate a vowel sound different from that of the letter without the diacritic, esp. as so used in German. Compare dieresis.
2. (in Germanic languages) assimilation in which a vowel is influenced by a following vowel or semivowel.v.t.
3. to modify by umlaut.
4. to write an umlaut over.
[1835–45; < German]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A punctuation mark (¨) used in German over a vowel to show that its pronunciation is modified.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||umlaut - a diacritical mark (two dots) placed over a vowel in German to indicate a change in sound|
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
umlaut[ˈʊmlaʊt] n → tréma m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
n (= sign) → Umlautpunkte pl; (= sound change) → Umlaut m; a umlaut → ä
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
umlaut[ˈumlaʊt] n (Ling) → umlaut m inv
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995