So there is a sense in which the word munhu or umuntu stands for much more than a person, human being or humanness because a white man (murungu or umlungu
)--is always a person, a human being, and therefore always has his humanness.
The lifaqane hardships are associated with the rise of the Zulu kingdom and are invoked to represent the uncertain future in the face of a threatening new form of violence and inhumanity which the Basotho were fighting against during Mofolo's time, that of becoming servants ruled by umlungu
, the white man in the Union of South Africa, which was established in 1910, the year the Chaka manuscript had just been completed and submitted for publication (Kunene, Thomas Mofolo 144).
don't tell anyone there is an umlungu
in the room (Hemp, p.
He smiled and pronounced a mysterious word, Umlungu
, explaining that it means 'magician'.
My supervisor, who has lived in the area her entire life, insists that I am the only white person (umlungu
) ever to live in our collection of 20-some villages, 70,000 people, that make up our municipality.
in a township (Otter, 2007), documents his stays there.
(154) Murdered by his surviving brothers, Chaka dies both cursing and foretelling to those who would rule the warrior nation he has created, "You are killing me in the hope that you will be kings when I am dead, whereas you are wrong, that is not the way it will be because umlungu
, the white man, is coming, and it is he who will rule you, and you will be his servants" (167).
EUR" literally meaning EUR[pounds sterling]it thundersEUR, used to celebrate a goal Lekker EUR" tastes good, as in EUR[pounds sterling]this steak tastes lekkerEUR Muti EUR" traditional African medicine Mampara EUR" someone behaving stupidly, as in EUR[pounds sterling]youEUROre such a mamparaEUR Now-now EUR" in a bit, as in EUR[pounds sterling]IEUROll be there now-nowEUR Oke EUR" a man or bloke Pap EUR" South African porridge Robot EUR" traffic light Shibobo EUR" a nutmeg, playing the ball between the opponentEUROs legs Shebeen EUR" a township pub Tsamaya EUR" a good bit of skill Umlungu
EUR" white person Vuvuzela EUR" plastic trumpet used by the fans Waai EUR" leave, as in EUR[pounds sterling]LetEUROs waaiEUR Yebo EUR" yes Zola Budd EUR" township slang for a minibus taxi
, Gwailo and Ferenghi are all examples of what?
A possibly significant development in this area is the use by township youth of the term 'umlungu
' (=white man or white woman) to refer to wealthy black individuals.
..." (I don't like the white man, p.
We would say 'umlungu
ngumlungu' (a white man is a white man) and we kept our distance.