umpire

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um·pire

 (ŭm′pīr′)
n.
1. Sports A person appointed to rule on plays, especially in baseball.
2. A person appointed to settle a dispute that mediators have been unable to resolve; an arbitrator.
v. um·pired, um·pir·ing, um·pires
v.tr.
To act as referee for; rule or judge.
v.intr.
To be or act as a referee or an arbitrator.

[Middle English (an) oumpere, (an) umpire, alteration of (a) noumpere, a mediator, from Old French nonper : non-, non- + per, equal, even, paired (from Latin pār; see pair).]
Word History: Had it not been for the linguistic process known as false splitting or juncture loss, the angry, anguished cry heard at sports events, "Kill the ump," could have been "Kill the nump." In the case of umpire we can almost see false splitting in action by studying the Middle English Dictionary entry for noumpere, the Middle English ancestor of our word. Noumpere comes from Old French nonper, made up of non, "not," and per, "equal." As an impartial arbiter of a dispute between two people, the umpire is not equivalent to or a partisan of either of them. In Middle English the earliest recorded form is noumper (about 1350); the earliest form without an n is owmpere, recorded in a document dated 1440. How the n was lost can be seen if we compare the sequence a noounpier in a text written in 1426-1427 with the sequence an Oumper from a text written probably around 1475. In an Oumper, the n has become attached to the indefinite article, giving us an instead of a and, eventually, umpire instead of numpire. The same sort of false splitting has altered the forms of other words as well. Apron, for example, used to be napron, and adder used to be nadder. The reverse process has also occurred in the history of English: words that originally began with vowels acquired an n from a preceding indefinite article. Nickname comes from an obsolete phrase an eke name, "an additional name." Newt comes from an eute. A variant of the Middle English word eute still survives as eft, "a newt."
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

umpire

(ˈʌmpaɪə)
n
1. (General Sporting Terms) an official who rules on the playing of a game, as in cricket or baseball
2. a person who rules on or judges disputes between contesting parties
vb
(General Sporting Terms) to act as umpire in (a game, dispute, or controversy)
[C15: by mistaken division from a noumpere, from Old French nomper not one of a pair, from nom-, non- not + per equal, peer1]
ˈumpireship, ˈumpirage n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

um•pire

(ˈʌm paɪər)

n., v. -pired, -pir•ing. n.
1. a person selected to rule on the plays in a game.
2. one selected to settle disputes about rules or usages; a person agreed on by disputing parties to arbitrate their differences.
v.t.
3. to act as umpire in (a game).
4. to decide or settle (a dispute) as umpire; arbitrate.
v.i.
5. to act as umpire.
[1350–1400; Middle English umpere, variant of noumpere < Old French nomper, nonper arbiter, i.e., one not equal]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

umpire

referee

An umpire or referee is an official whose job is to make sure that a game is played fairly and that the rules are not broken.

1. 'umpire'

These games have an umpire or umpires:

badmintonbaseballcrickettable tennistennis
volleyball 
2. 'referee'

These games have a referee:

basketballbilliardsboxingfootballrugby football
snookerwrestling 

The official in charge of a hockey match is sometimes called an umpire and sometimes a referee.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012

umpire


Past participle: umpired
Gerund: umpiring

Imperative
umpire
umpire
Present
I umpire
you umpire
he/she/it umpires
we umpire
you umpire
they umpire
Preterite
I umpired
you umpired
he/she/it umpired
we umpired
you umpired
they umpired
Present Continuous
I am umpiring
you are umpiring
he/she/it is umpiring
we are umpiring
you are umpiring
they are umpiring
Present Perfect
I have umpired
you have umpired
he/she/it has umpired
we have umpired
you have umpired
they have umpired
Past Continuous
I was umpiring
you were umpiring
he/she/it was umpiring
we were umpiring
you were umpiring
they were umpiring
Past Perfect
I had umpired
you had umpired
he/she/it had umpired
we had umpired
you had umpired
they had umpired
Future
I will umpire
you will umpire
he/she/it will umpire
we will umpire
you will umpire
they will umpire
Future Perfect
I will have umpired
you will have umpired
he/she/it will have umpired
we will have umpired
you will have umpired
they will have umpired
Future Continuous
I will be umpiring
you will be umpiring
he/she/it will be umpiring
we will be umpiring
you will be umpiring
they will be umpiring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been umpiring
you have been umpiring
he/she/it has been umpiring
we have been umpiring
you have been umpiring
they have been umpiring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been umpiring
you will have been umpiring
he/she/it will have been umpiring
we will have been umpiring
you will have been umpiring
they will have been umpiring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been umpiring
you had been umpiring
he/she/it had been umpiring
we had been umpiring
you had been umpiring
they had been umpiring
Conditional
I would umpire
you would umpire
he/she/it would umpire
we would umpire
you would umpire
they would umpire
Past Conditional
I would have umpired
you would have umpired
he/she/it would have umpired
we would have umpired
you would have umpired
they would have umpired
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011

umpire

One of four officials stationed round the bases. The home plate umpire stands behind the catcher and calls balls and strikes.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.umpire - an official at a baseball gameumpire - an official at a baseball game  
official - someone who administers the rules of a game or sport; "the golfer asked for an official who could give him a ruling"
2.umpire - someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issueumpire - someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue; "the critic was considered to be an arbiter of modern literature"; "the arbitrator's authority derived from the consent of the disputants"; "an umpire was appointed to settle the tax case"
evaluator, judge - an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
third party - someone other than the principals who are involved in a transaction
Verb1.umpire - be a referee or umpire in a sports competitionumpire - be a referee or umpire in a sports competition
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
judge - determine the result of (a competition)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

umpire

noun
1. referee, judge, ref (informal), arbiter, arbitrator, moderator, adjudicator The umpire's decision is final.
verb
1. referee, judge, adjudicate, arbitrate, call (Sport), moderate, mediate He umpired for school football matches.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

umpire

noun
A person, usually appointed, who decides the issues or results, or supervises the conduct, of a competition or conflict:
Sports: ref, ump.
verb
To make a decision about (a controversy or dispute, for example) after deliberation, as in a court of law:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
حَكَمحَكَم، فَيْصَليَحْكُم، يَفْصِل
rozhodčídělat rozhodčího
dommer
erotuomari
treći sudac u sporu koji presuđuje
dæmadómari
アンパイアアンパイヤ審判審判員
심판
tiesāttiesnesis
robiť rozhodcu
športni sodnik
domare
กรรมการตัดสิน
hakemhakemlik yapmak/etmek
trọng tài

umpire

[ˈʌmpaɪəʳ]
A. Nárbitro/a m/f
B. VTarbitrar
C. VIarbitrar, hacer de árbitro
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

umpire

[ˈʌmpaɪər]
n (gen)arbitre mf (TENNIS)juge mf de chaise
vtarbitrer
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

umpire

nSchiedsrichter(in) m(f); (fig)Unparteiische(r) mf; to act as umpire (lit)als Schiedsrichter(in) fungieren, Schiedsrichter(in) sein; (fig)schlichten
vt (Sport) → als Schiedsrichter(in) fungieren bei, Schiedsrichter(in) sein bei, schiedsrichtern bei; (fig)schlichten
vi (→ bei) → Schiedsrichter(in) sein, schiedsrichtern; (fig)schlichten
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

umpire

[ˈʌmpaɪəʳ]
1. narbitro
2. viarbitrare
3. vtarbitrare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

umpire

(ˈampaiə) noun
in cricket, tennis etc, a person who supervises a game, makes sure that it is played according to the rules, and decides doubtful points. Tennis players usually have to accept the umpire's decision.
verb
to act as umpire. Have you umpired a tennis match before?
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

umpire

حَكَم rozhodčí dommer Schiedsrichter αγωνοδίκης árbitro erotuomari arbitre treći sudac u sporu koji presuđuje arbitro アンパイア 심판 scheidsrechter dommer arbiter árbitro судья domare กรรมการตัดสิน hakem trọng tài 裁判员
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
I have umpired matches for about four years while I have been playing and had days off.
He has also umpired in 125 Test matches, which is the second highest after Steve Bucknor's 128 Tests, and his 43 Twenty20 Internationals are the highest by any umpire.
Martinesz, who played four first-class matches in the 1994-95 season, has umpired in eight Tests, 46 ODIs and 29 T20Is.
Khalid is considered one of Pakistan's top umpires who has overseen not only matches in the Pakistan Super League and the Bangladesh Premier League, but he has also had umpired several international matches as well.
Having umpired at Junior and Senior National Championships since 2009-10, Anil Kumar's first International assignment was in 2012 at the Junior Asia Cup in Malaysia.
Iftikhar, who has umpired ICC's Division 5 matches in Los Angeles and Division 4 matches in England, has proved that umpires from UAE too can move up the ranks and gain international recognition.
Wyanard Louw Umpired for the Netherlands tour in Namibia 2013, he has also Umpired in First Class Matches, in Women's Miscellaneous Matches and in Scotland Cap Matches just to name but a few of Umpire match duties that he has fulfilled.
Mukund umpired all matches including a semifinal match and missed out on the final due to the Oman Team qualifying for the finals.
"In the 1970s she umpired my games, then I put on the gear and we became umpiring buddies.
Crew J's four umpires have worked an average of more than 2,250 MLB games, with Crawford leading the group with 4,267 games umpired over a 33-year span.
The A-level student has umpired a number of regional under-18 and under-16 events and will continue to officiate at a high standard at club level.
Drake, 40, has umpired professionally since 1993 and has been assigned to Major League Spring Training games since 1999.