1. Sports A person appointed to rule on plays, especially in baseball.
2. A person appointed to settle a dispute that mediators have been unable to resolve; an arbitrator.
v.um·pired, um·pir·ing, um·pires
To act as referee for; rule or judge.
To be or act as a referee or an arbitrator.
[Middle English (an) oumpere, (an) umpire, alteration of (a) noumpere, a mediator, from Old French nonper : non-, non- + per, equal, even, paired (from Latin pār; see pair).]
Word History: Had it not been for the linguistic process known as false splitting or juncture loss, the angry, anguished cry heard at sports events, "Kill the ump," could have been "Kill the nump." In the case of umpire we can almost see false splitting in action by studying the Middle English Dictionary entry for noumpere, the Middle English ancestor of our word. Noumpere comes from Old French nonper, made up of non, "not," and per, "equal." As an impartial arbiter of a dispute between two people, the umpire is not equivalent to or a partisan of either of them. In Middle English the earliest recorded form is noumper (about 1350); the earliest form without an n is owmpere, recorded in a document dated 1440. How the n was lost can be seen if we compare the sequence a noounpier in a text written in 1426-1427 with the sequence an Oumper from a text written probably around 1475. In an Oumper, the n has become attached to the indefinite article, giving us an instead of a and, eventually, umpire instead of numpire. The same sort of false splitting has altered the forms of other words as well. Apron, for example, used to be napron, and adder used to be nadder. The reverse process has also occurred in the history of English: words that originally began with vowels acquired an n from a preceding indefinite article. Nickname comes from an obsolete phrase an eke name, "an additional name." Newt comes from an eute. A variant of the Middle English word eute still survives as eft, "a newt."
official - someone who administers the rules of a game or sport; "the golfer asked for an official who could give him a ruling"
umpire - someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue; "the critic was considered to be an arbiter of modern literature"; "the arbitrator's authority derived from the consent of the disputants"; "an umpire was appointed to settle the tax case"
in cricket, tennis etc, a person who supervises a game, makes sure that it is played according to the rules, and decides doubtful points. Tennis players usually have to accept the umpire's decision. skeidsregter حَكَم، فَيْصَل рефер juiz rozhodčí der Schiedsrichter dommer διαιτητήςárbitro (vahe)kohtunik داور tuomari arbitreשופט, שופטת निर्णायक, अंपायर sudac játékvezető wasit dómari arbitro 審判 (경기의) 심판원 teisėjas (sportā) tiesnesis pengadil scheidsrechterdommersędzia منځګړى، دريم ګړى، ريفرى juiz arbitru судья rozhodca športni sodnik sudija domare กรรมการตัดสิน hakem (板球，網球等)裁判 суддя, рефері امپائر، ثالث trọng tài 裁判员
to act as umpire. Have you umpired a tennis match before? as skeidsregter optree يَحْكُم، يَفْصِل посреднича arbitrar dělat rozhodčího Schiedsrichter sein være dommer ved διαιτητεύωarbitrar kohtunikuks olema داوری کردن tuomita arbitrer לִשפוֹט ב- अंपायर का काम करना suditi vezet mewasiti dæma (leik) arbitrare 審判をつとめる 심판을 보다 teisėjauti tiesāt (spēli) mengadili als scheidsrechter optredenvære dommer, dømme sędziować ريفرى arbitrar a arbitra судить rozhodovať; sudcovať soditi suditi döma เป็นกรรมการ hakemlik yapmak/etmek 擔任裁判 бути суперарбітром امپائر کے فرائض انجام دينا làm trọng tài 裁判
In cases where it may be doubtful on which side justice lies, what better umpires could be desired by two violent factions, flying to arms, and tearing a State to pieces, than the representatives of confederate States, not heated by the local flame?
So strangely compounded is the feeling of self-love, that the young soldier, while he knew the utter worthlessness of the suffrages of his savage umpires, forgot the sudden motives of the contest in a wish to excel.
When the battle was at its height, a Sprat lifted its head out of the waves and said that he would reconcile their differences if they would accept him as an umpire. One of the Dolphins replied, "We would far rather be destroyed in our battle with each other than admit any interference from you in our affairs."
The combatants were placed face to face, each with several members of his own corps about him to assist; two seconds, well padded, and with swords in their hands, took their stations; a student belonging to neither of the opposing corps placed himself in a good position to umpire the combat; another student stood by with a watch and a memorandum-book to keep record of the time and the number and nature of the wounds; a gray-haired surgeon was present with his lint, his bandages, and his instruments.