17) The present study is necessarily partial, yet it points to larger questions, some already under consideration and deserving greater attention, setting forth a case for the presence of enduring, or unabrogated, covenant with Jews in the Christian Middle Ages.
While this story may, in one sense, be seen as paving the way for (much) later affirmations of unabrogated covenant in the post-World War II context, one can only assert with certainty the continuity of the Pauline precedent for this idea and the exegetical habit--both medieval and modern--of returning to the biblical source for a theology of Israel.
Bede conflated Paul's temple metaphor in Ephesians with the discussion of an unabrogated covenant with Israel in the letter to the Romans throughout his exegesis, by mixing the organic metaphor of the olive tree with the architectural symbolism of the temple.
Bede appears here to have insisted upon the redemption of all Israel in literal terms, thus taking up the notion of an unabrogated covenant between God and Israel.
Given the theological option of condemning Jews for their adherence to an outmoded Law, some Christians chose instead to affirm the Pauline narrative of unabrogated covenant shared by Jews and Christians.